Hypertension

Overview of Hypertension

Hypertension or high blood pressure means that your blood pressure (BP) is constantly higher than the normal level, which is 120/80 mm Hg. Blood pressure is the pressure of blood pushing against the coronary arteries that help carry blood throughout the body. This could prove lethal as it increases the risk of stroke and heart diseases.

It is also known as the “silent killer” because it shows no symptoms until it gets detected, sometimes years after its actual onset. You might find out about it during a regular health check-up.Approximately 7.1 million deaths per year are attributable to hypertension.

Blood Pressure is recorded in two numbers: the top number is known as systolic blood pressure and the bottom number is called diastolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood when the heart beats and diastolic blood pressure is the blood pushing through the arteries when the heart rests in between.

Fast Facts about Hypertension

  • Normal blood pressure is 120/80 mmHg. If your blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mmHg, then it is hypertension
  • Stress promotes hypertension or it could be a result of an underlining problem such as kidney disease
  • Hypertension leads to cardiovascular problems such as heart attack, stroke including other conditions
  • Lifestyle changes are the key to managing high blood pressure
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