Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment

Let’s learn what premenstrual dysphoric disorder is, its symptoms, common causes, diagnosis and treatment

 
Charu Sharma
Written by: Charu SharmaPublished at: Aug 07, 2021Updated at: Aug 07, 2021
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And Treatment

Every month women have to go through the same cycle of cramps, bloating, mood swings, hormonal changes, fatigue and what not that too during and before the menstrual cycle. In some cases, fatigue, bloating and mood swings can also be a sign of premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This is an eye opener for all those women who have been ignoring all these signs of premenstrual dysphoric disorder thinking it to be normal before the menstrual cycle. It is important to observe all the changes that your body is going through in order to detect the signs of such diseases at an early stage so that it can be treated in time. Without further ado let’s dive right into the article and learn what premenstrual dysphoric disorder is, its symptoms, common causes, diagnosis and treatment by Dr. Sushma Tomar, Obstetrician & Gynacologist, Fortis Hospital, Kalyan

 PMDD

Also Read: Diet & PMS: 5 Sneaky Signs Of Periods

What is premenstrual dysphoric disorder?

A women’s health problem with some serious complications premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a disease that is a disabling extension or a serious form of Premenstrual syndrome. Although its symptoms are very similar to that of PMS, the intensity could be severe as this might include tension, severe depression and irritability. Unlike PMS, the symptoms of PMDD are said to interfere in a person's daily life and can affect normal activities like studies, work, social life, sexual intimacy, relationships and other such things.

Symptoms of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

As PMDD has a pattern of showing up 1-2 weeks before the menstrual cycle you can look out for these signs and symptoms in this period of time to diagnose if you have PMDD or not.

  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Losing interest
  • Depression
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain 
  • Tender breast
  • Sleeping problem
  • Abdominal Bloating
  • Less concentration
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Hot Flashes
  • Forgetfulness
  • Backache
  • Self image issues

Although few symptoms of PMDD are similar to that of PMS hence the simple trick to differentiate between the two is to see that if you have less that 5 of these symptoms you are safe and the reason behind it could be PMS whereas if you are able to observe 5 or more symptoms 1-2 weeks prior to your menstrual cycle than you need to look out for a doctor as it can be the sign of PMDD. 

Causes of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is said to be an abnormal response from the brain to the fluctuating hormones during the menstrual cycle. Although the reasons can be many, genes have an important role to play in the occurrence of PMDD as women who have a family history of mood disorders, depression and specifically postpartum depression are more likely to have PMDD.

PMDD

Also Read: Possible Reasons Behind Stomach Bloating In Women During Periods

Treatment option for Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder is a disease that can further lead to deficiency in neurotransmitter serotonin and hence it is important that the disease should be diagnosed and treated before it becomes severe. Here are some treatment options that a Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder patient can look out for.

  • Regular exercise
  • Vitamin supplements
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Stress management
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-inflammatory medicines

With Inputs from Dr. Sushma Tomar, Obstetrician & Gynacologist, Fortis Hospital, Kalyan

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