Why do Women Suffer from Irritability and Depression during PMS?

By  ,  Onlymyhealth editorial team
May 07, 2015
Quick Bites

  • Drop in hormone level causes pain.
  • Production of serotonin is affected.
  • Exercise regularly to reduce symptoms.
  • Eat less salt and sugar.

Mood swings, irritability and cramps are few of the symptoms which precede aunt flo every month. Better known as Premenstrual Syndrome or PMS, the onset of these symptoms can vary from 1-2 weeks before starting of your periods.

Causes of PMS

Just like the onset of PMS the symptoms can also vary. While some women experience depression, irritability and mood swings, some women can crave for certain foods or experience fatigue. There are hormonal changes and genetics which play a significant role in causing of these symptoms. Thus the variation.

Why Causes the PMS?

Although the exact cause behind fluctuations in mood is not known till now, experts believe that drop in oestrogen and progesterone hormones could be the culprit. Drop in the hormone levels is not only associated with the way you feel during your periods, but it is also said to interfere with production of serotonin, an essential chemical in the brain. Lack of this chemical in the brain is linked with depression, irritability and cravings.


Preventing the Symptoms


Health benefits of exercising are numerous and one of them could be relieving PMS. It has been found in many studies that women who exercised regularly suffered from lesser severe symptoms. This happens because when you exercise, the body releases serotonin and other happy hormones and increases flow to the uterus to prevent pain.

Causes of PMS

Drink more Fluids

Drinking fluids loaded with electrolytes is important in order to stay healthy and fight symptoms of PMS. Fresh fruit juices, coconut water, normal water and lemon water replenish the body with lost electrolytes and prevents symptoms of PMS effectively.

Eat Less Salt and Sugar

Excess consumption of refined sugar during PMS can increase fatigue and exhaustion and it can make you feel hungry all the time. Therefore, try to avoid sugar and salts during those days of the month. If your craving for salt is intolerable, try sticking to lemon, rock salt or pepper.

Image source: Getty Images

Read more on Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS).

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