Sleep constitutes to be an essential part of our living. According to experts, 7 to 8 hours of sleep is considered sufficient for an adult. One should not sleep less than 5 hours and more than 9 hours for it has its adverse effects on the mind and body. However, similar sleeping standards have also been set for children, women and the elderly, which are essential for a healthy living. But in various cases of mental health disorders like depression, one may find it challenging to find peace for a night of good night sleep.
What is depression: Categorised as a mental disorder, those who are depressed show various signs and symptoms in their behaviour and also in their health patterns, which can happen due to various reasons a breakup, losing a loved one or even due to work stress, or more. In depression, a person may remain depressed for a long time. Apart from this, there can be many different symptoms of including irritability, an outburst of anger, irregular sleep patterns, etc. Depression has a deep association with sleep.
Connection Between Sleep And Depression
According to the National Institute of Health, there is a deep correlation between sleep and depression. Insomnia occurs in three-fourth of people who suffer from depression. And about 40 per cent of adults and 10 per cent of depressed elderly show more sleep-related issues, which is scientifically called hypersomnia. Both of these symptoms can cause significant health concerns, having a profound impact on the quality of life. It can is not wrongly said that these symptoms could become a strong reason for suicide in extreme cases. Epidemiological studies have reported that insomnia can be a risk factor for the development of depression. Therefore, there is a need to take more proper steps to counter disturbed sleep patterns, further eliminating the chances of depression also.
Symptoms In Those Who Sleep Less
- Sleeplessness at night
- The habit of staying up late at night
- Failure to focus on work
- Sleeplessness and tiredness throughout the day
- Waking up in the morning even before sunrise
- Eye irritation
Symptoms In Those Who Sleep More
- Sleeping for more than 10 to 12 hours in a day
- The habit of sleeping in the daytime also
- Difficulty in waking up even after sunrise and with several alarm too
- Laziness and forgetfulness
- lack of energy
The Right Sleep Hours To Avoid Depression
Dr Anand Pratap Singh, The HOD, Department of Psychology and Mental Health at Gautam Buddha University (GBU) tells us the right time of sleep required as per different age groups to combat depression:
- New-born (0–3 months): 14-17 hours of sleep
- Infant (4-11 months): 12-15 hours of sleep
- Young Children (1-2 years): 11-14 hours of sleep
- School going children (3-5 years): 10-13 hours of sleep
- Older Children (6-13 years): 9-11 hours of sleep
- Adolescence (14-17 years): 8–10 hours of sleep
- Adult (18-25 years): 7-9 hours of sleep
- Middle-aged (26-64 years): 7-9 hours of sleep like youngsters
- Elderly (over 65 years): 7-8 hours of sleep
With inputs from Dr Anand Pratap Singh, The HOD, Department of Psychology and Mental Health at Gautam Buddha University (GBU)
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