Sleeping is taken as a lazy activity, but it is one of the most important activities of the body. Sleep helps in repairing the overall health of the person and makes him fit. Sleep is important for everyone and proper sleep of 7-9 hours should be taken for rejuvenating. Also, there is a difference in being lazy and sleeping. Surprisingly, if you haven’t slept well, then there are more chances that you will become lazy.
What Can Happen Due To Improper Sleep?
Getting deprived of proper sleep can harm your body and immune system. It can make the person less active and tired even when he has done nothing. It also gives rise to many problems and diseases which we often neglect. Sleep deprivation can lead to depression and memory loss, as well. It can result in heart diseases, weight gain and increased illness duration.
5 Diseases Which Happen Due To Sleep Deprivation:
In general term, it is difficulty in sleeping. Insomnia is having difficulty in initiating the sleeping process or is unable to continue to sleep for a duration of time even after providing adequate time and opportunity. It can be due to both physical and psychological causes. Insomnia is extremely common during pregnany too. Some of the common causes of Insomnia are-
- Psychological Factors- Hormonal imbalance, Stress, Anxiety, Menopause etc
- Physical Factors- Consumption of Nicotine, excessive caffeine and alcohol, and certain counter drugs.
2. Sleep Apnea
It is an entirely physical concept where the person wakes up from his/her sleep repeatedly. This happens due to a lack of oxygen flow to your brain. The causes of sleep apnea are all physical ones. There is also obstructive sleep Apnea, where a part of the soft palate gets collapsed when we sleep, which breaks the airflow getting to the brain. Another type of Sleep Apnea is Central sleep apnea, where your brain cannot effectively function and control the muscles of the brain. Symptoms include:
- Loud snoring
- Choking or gasping in your sleep
- Resultant depression
- Issue related to weight gain.
3. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
This syndrome is caused due to both physical and mental health issues. There is certain restlessness in the legs, and the person is not comfortable within the given space and has an urge to move the leg. This can slowly lead to Insomnia. It affects almost 1 out of 10 people during their life span. RLS can be classified as mild or severe, depending on the frequency of the symptoms. Since it is caused by mental stress of physical issues, hence once they are fine, then the syndrome automatically finishes. There are various remedies to treat restless leg syndrome.
Symptoms of RLS include:
- Itching and tingling
It is a chronic sleep disorder that starts at a young age between 10-25 years. It is a sleeping disorder due to which the person gets sleep attacks. It can happen due to improper sleep in the night or fragmented sleep. In Narcolepsy, there is a sudden and significant urge to sleep in the daytime and drowsiness follows. It is a deadly disease and is life-threatening as it can lead to many accidents and injuries. This chronic disorder can also cause unexpected or temporary memory loss. A person having this sleeping disorder can have difficulty in maintaining a job, doing well in school or in daily activities also.
Symptoms of Narcolepsy are:
- Daytime sleepiness
- Sleep paralysis
- Fragmented sleep
- Automatic behaviour
5. Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders
This category of sleeping disorders consists of inconsistent sleep cycles. The sleep timings are very awkward and the person suffering through this disease is unable to sleep at night many times. There are types of Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders. Some of them are-
- Delayed Sleep-Wake Disorder: In this the person goes of to sleep 2 or more hours after the normal scheduled time and wakes up late similarly.
- Advanced Sleep-Wake Phase: In this the person falls asleep several hours before the normal bedtime and wakes up hours earlier than most people wake up in the morning.
- Irregular Sleep Wake Phase: In this disorder the person does not have any particular sleeping pattern. This causes person’s circadian rhythms to be disorganised and the person may end up sleeping for more than 24 hour period.
- Jet Lag: It occurs mostly when you travel to different destination across multiple time zones and have difficulty adjusting in the new time zone.
How can sleep Disorders be treated?
To answer this question, OnlyMyHealth consulted Psychiatrist Dr.Viren Jha working for Indu Hospital, Lucknow. He said however there are different treatments related to different sleep disorders but most of them can be improved or treated. It is possible through keeping both physical and mental health in place. Take adequate amount of sleep daily. If your mental health and physical health is maintained, then there are fewer chances that you may have this disorder. Regular exercise, healthy working environment and reduced stress together can avoid any such sleep disorders.
Proper sleep is quite essential for the body. One person should sleep 7-9 hours daily for a healthy lifestyle. Deprived sleep can lead to many health issue and diseases related to sleep disorders. Five major diseases which occur due to sleep disorders are Insomnia, Narcolepsy, Circadian Rhythmic Sleep, Sleep Apnea and Restless Leg Syndrome.
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