Acne Care 101: What Are Comedonal Acne, Their Causes and Tips To Treat Them

Blackheads and whiteheads are comedones that may progress into comedonal acne. Read this article to know what dermatologist has to say.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarUpdated at: Oct 16, 2020 16:40 IST
Acne Care 101: What Are Comedonal Acne, Their Causes and Tips To Treat Them

3rd Edition of HealthCare Heroes Awards 2023

Comedonal acne is a lesser-known type of acne that is different from regular acne. These aren’t red or pus-carrying acne but they feel like bumps on the skin that progress into acne. These are painful but treatable. Dr. Ajay Rana, World Renowned Dermatologist & Aesthetic Physician is telling all about comedonal acne in this article along with some preventive methods and treatment options.

What Is Comedonal Acne?

Comedonal acne are caused by comedones that are hair follicles. Dirt, dead skin cells and excess oil clogs these follicles and cause comedonal acne. These can cause bumpy skin, blackheads, and non-inflamed blemishes on the skin. Comedonal acne doesn't look like normal acne. These are generally considered as non-inflammatory acne. Comedones are commonly seen on the forehead, jawline and chin but they can also erupt on the face, shoulders, neck, back and even acne on the chest is also possible. Besides, these are generally seen in teenagers but it can happen to adults as well. As per Dr. Rana, “To prevent comedonal acne, you can use Salicylic acid, Benzoyl peroxide, differin, topical retinoids, Azelaic acid on the recommendation by the dermatologist.”


What are the causes of comedonal acne?

Comedonal acne are generally caused due to clogging of follicles and blocking in the sebaceous gland. However, there are several other risk factors that cause comedones. These are:

  • Dairy consumption
  • High glycemic index foods
  • Excess consumption of junk & oily foods
  • Smoking or tobacco consumption
  • Excessive makeup and not removing makeup before sleeping


The two main types comedones that we know about are- whiteheads(closed comedones) and blackheads(open comedones). But there are several other types also:

  • Microcomedones
  • Macrocomedones
  • Giant Comedones
  • Solar Comedones

Can Comedonal Acne Be Prevented?

Comedonal acne is very much preventable. With the right tips, you can forestall comedones. Follow these dermatologist-verified tips given by Dr. Ajay Rana to prevent the breakout of Comedones acne:

  • Wash your face only twice daily. Daily cleansing of skin can cause irritation and make the skin dried and inflamed. 
  • Remove your makeup before going to sleep. Sleeping with makeup can cause the blockage of skin pores. To remove the makeup, always use non-alcohol makeup remover to avoid any kind of irritation.
  • Use skin care products that are non-comedogenic. These are non-oily moisturizers, cleansers, and skincare cosmetics that help to prevent pore blockage. 
  • Don’t let perspiration and oil stay for a longer duration on the skin. Always take a shower and immediately rehydrate your skin with a light, oil-free moisturizer. 

How to treat Comedonal Acne?


If you want to know how comedonal acne are treated, following are the possible treatment options for comedonal acne. There are some over-the-counter medications for comedonal acne. But you should not take anything without a prescription be it topical creams or pills. Only after your dermatologist approves, use these formulas on your face. Besides, there are some surgical procedures like cryotherapy, electrosurgery and microdermabrasion to get rid of serious comedonal acne. Before taking any treatment, you must consult the dermatologist to prevent any side-effect that may cause long-lasting negative impacts on your skin. Keep good care of your skin to enjoy a healthy and acne-free face.

Read More Articles on Skin Care