Summer is a season of fun and relaxation, but it can also be a time of increased health risks. One health condition that many people may not be aware of is the connection between high blood pressure and eye health. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can harm the eyes and lead to a variety of eye problems. To learn more about this, we spoke to Dr Ajay Sharma, Chief Medical Director, EyeQ.
How High Blood Pressure Affects the Eyes
High blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels in the eyes, leading to a variety of eye problems. Here are some of the ways high blood pressure can affect the eyes in summer:
Hypertensive retinopathy is a condition where high blood pressure causes damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. This damage can lead to vision problems and even blindness if left untreated.
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Retinal Vein Occlusion
Your eyes can also suffer from retinal vein occlusion due to high blood pressure in the summer. In this condition, a blood clot clogs the vein that transports blood away from the retina, resulting in vision loss as well as other major complexities.
High blood pressure can also harm the optic nerve, which delivers vision information to the brain, resulting in vision loss and other serious issues as well.
Glaucoma is a condition where high pressure inside the eye damages the optic nerve, and if left treated it may even lead to permanent vision loss. High blood pressure can increase the risk of developing glaucoma and make it worse if already present.
How To Protect Your Eye Health?
If you have high blood pressure, there are steps you can take to protect your eye health during the summer:
Manage Your Blood Pressure
The most important step you can take to protect your eye health is to manage your blood pressure. Work with your healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that helps you maintain healthy blood pressure levels.
Get Regular Eye Checkups
Regular eye checkups are crucial for detecting eye problems early. If you have high blood pressure, it is important to have your eyes examined regularly to check for signs of damage.
Also Read: 7 Simple Ayurvedic Remedies To Keep Your Eyes Healthy
Maintain A Healthy Lifestyle
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help reduce your risk of developing eye problems. This includes eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly, not smoking, and not consuming alcohol.
Protect Your Eyes from UV Rays
Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun can also cause damage to the eyes, so it is important to protect your eyes when you are outside. Wear sunglasses that block 100% of UV rays and a hat or scarf to cover and protect your eyes from the sun.
Follow Your Healthcare Provider's Advice
If you have high blood pressure, you should listen to your doctor's advice. Take your medicine as directed, keep a regular blood pressure check, and attend all scheduled appointments.
By taking care of your overall health, you can reduce your risk of developing eye problems and enjoy all the fun and relaxation that summer has to offer.
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