Mushroom Guide 101: Types of Mushroom and Their Health Benefits

Mushrooms are both healthy and tasty. You can choose from a wide variety of mushrooms, check out all of them in this article.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarUpdated at: Jan 04, 2022 15:13 IST
Mushroom Guide 101: Types of Mushroom and Their Health Benefits

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Calling mushroom a wild vegetable won’t be wrong as most varieties of mushroom grow wildly but this doesn’t make it less nutritious. It is equally competent as other nutrient-dense veggies including leafy greens. It is believed that white vegetables have poor nutrient density but mushrooms are an exception. Surprisingly, these fungi are loaded with water and extensively used in various cuisines and dishes. There are many varieties mushroom grown in different parts of the world with varied taste and texture. In this article, we will tell out some common types of mushroom and their health benefits. If you are a mushroom lover, read till the end to know more about them.

White Button Mushrooms

The most common mushroom variety you can find is this one. These are readily available in the Indian market. These cultivated mushrooms can be consumed in both raw and cooked form. White button mushrooms contain less sugar and lesser calories as compared to other varieties.

  • These mushrooms have high vitamin D2 levels that helps in proper absorption of calcium in the body. 
  • These mushrooms have high protein content.
  • These are loaded with vitamin B12 
  • White mushrooms are good for diabetics by controlling blood sugar levels and improving insulin resistance
  • These have prebiotic properties to promote gut health

Portobello Mushrooms

The second most commonly eaten mushrooms in the world, portobello mushrooms have an earthy flavour and meat-like texture. Those who are fond of consuming meat like this mushroom variety as a vegetarian replacement.

  • Portobello mushrooms is a rich source of vitamin D
  • These have selenium, copper and Vitamin B6 or niacin
  • Consuming portobello mushrooms is great for overall health as it helps in metabolizing iron, increasing absorption of antioxidants in the body and metabolizing food to supply supply to the body.

Shiitake Mushrooms

Shiitake Mushrooms

These mushrooms are majorly consumed in Japan and Korea. These do not look like typical mushrooms because of their different texture but these are more health-beneficial than the rest. Unlike other mushrooms with earthy flavour, this variant has more woody flavour to it. These are chewy and meaty, and can go with many dishes including soups and noodles.

  • Shiitake mushrooms have lesser calories than other varieties
  • These are high in fibre that promotes gut health and aids constipation
  • Shiitake mushrooms are found to have cholesterol-lowering properties to keep them in check
  • These build immunity, aid diabetes management, possesses antibacterial properties and slows down the ageing process

Oyster Mushrooms

These got named as oyster mushrooms for being the biggest edible mushroom variety that is every found on the planet(and also for having similar appearance as an oyster). These are common and can grow in vast climatic conditions which is why you can easily find them in almost all parts of the world. These have got anise-like aroma with a mildly sweet flavour to go well with many dishes. When cooked, oyster mushrooms become tender and fleshy. Here are some health benefits of mushrooms:

  • Oyster mushrooms are loaded with vitamins and minerals
  • The list includes vitamin B6, riboflavin, niacin and thiamin
  • Oyster mushrooms boost heart functions by lowering bad cholesterol levels
  • Consuming oyster mushrooms boost immune system

Enoki Mushrooms

Another tasty mushroom variety is this one that are also called as winter mushrooms. Unlike others, this one has a rather crunchy texture and thus, tastes different and delicious. Enoki or Enokitake mushrooms have a fruity flavour that makes it apt for soups, sandwiches, salads as well as pasta. Also, there are two types of enoki mushrooms but both are equally tasty and healthy. 

  • Enoki mushrooms are rich in several vitamins including vitamins B1, B2, B3 and B5
  • Other minerals include iron, calcium, copper, phosphorus, selenium and thiamin
  • These mushrooms boost metabolism and cut down body fat to manage weight
  • Patients of constipation should consume these mushrooms as it is high in dietary fibre that promote gut microbiota
Oyster Mushrooms

Porcini Mushrooms

The last type of mushroom we have in this list are Porcini mushrooms that are commonly used in Italian cuisine. These are sticky mushrooms with thicker stem and nutty flavour. This is popular as a gourmet mushroom and tastess good in broth, soups, sauces and meat dishes. Just like other mushroom types, porcini mushrooms are rich in antioxidants, essential vitamins & minerals, protein and other vitals. 

If you thought mushrooms are of no use, you are mistaken. This vegetable is great for your overall health and thus, you must have it frequently. Out of the many varieties of mushrooms, you can choose anyone as per your taste preference and availability.

Image credits- freepik