Itchy Bumps Can Be Due To Infected Hair Follicles. Know Risk Factors And Treatment

Know all about the inflammatory condition of folliculitis with its symptoms, causes, treatment and risk factors from Dr. Rishabh Kohli.

Charu Sharma
Written by: Charu SharmaUpdated at: Jan 02, 2022 12:30 IST
Itchy Bumps Can Be Due To Infected Hair Follicles. Know Risk Factors And Treatment

A common skin condition caused due to the inflammation of hair follicle, Folliculitis can be a result of a fungal or bacterial infection. This appears to be like a small red bump with a white head, around the infected hair follicle. These sores caused due to folliculitis are itchy and can cause a lot of discomfort. Where this condition is not life threatening, a severe form of this skin infection keeps on spreading and turns into non-healing crusty sores. In some cases, this severe infection can also result in hair loss and permanent scarring. Learn more about this Condition of folliculitis with its symptoms and treatments and some simple home care tips from Dr. Rishabh Kohli, General Physician, Wellness Healthcare. 

What is Folliculitis?

An inflammatory condition caused due to the spread of bacterial or fungal infection. Folliculitis is also known as infected hair follicle. When fungus or bacteria causes a blockage in the tiny pocket of skin known as follicle. This condition is the result of hair follicle inflammation that takes the shape of a red bump around the hair root. This condition might not be very serious but it can cause a lot of discomfort. As this infection takes up a serious form, it causes permanent hair loss and scarring in the infected region. This condition takes place in more than one form. Some of the common types of hair follicle inflamationare-

  • Shaving rash
  • Hot tub rash
  • Boils
  • Bacterial folliculitis
  • Barber’s itch
  • Sycosis barbae
  • Pityrosporum
  • Razor bumps

Symptoms of Folliculitis

Although folliculitis or Infected hair follicle is not a very severe condition, looking for its symptoms can still be helpful to assist the treatment. The symptoms of this condition might vary based upon the exact cause. Some of the common signs and symptoms of this condition are-

  • Small red bumps with white heads
  • Painful and tender skin
  • Cluster of small red bumps
  • Swollen skin with leaky puss
  • Itchy skin
  • Crusty pus filled blister

Causes of Folliculitis

It is important to learn about the exact cause behind a condition in order to treat it. There are different types of folliculitis that can affect a person. The type of follicle infection a person is affected depends upon its root cause. In order to provide a proper treatment, it is important to understand the causes of a condition. Listed below are some of the common causes that give rise to the condition of Infected hair follicles.

  • Fungal infection
  • Ingrown hair
  • Bacterial infection
  • Blockage caused due to skin care products
  • Medications used to ease inflammation
  • Hair removal techniques
  • Staphylococcus or staph infection

Risk Factors of Folliculitis

Folliculitis is not a severe condition, it has the potential to create a lot of discomfort and pain. Although anyone can develop this inflammatory skin condition, there are a few things that put you at a higher risk of developing this condition. One might have an increased risk of getting affected with this condition due to-

  • Wearing clothes made with non breathable material
  • Wearing clothes that are very tight
  • Getting into an unhygening tub or pool
  • Using razors for shaving curly hair
  • Immunity weakening conditions such as HIV and diabetes
  • Dermatitis or acne

Treatment for Folliculitis

The treatment of this condition depends upon various conditions such as the cause of the disease, the patient's medical history and the symptoms. Various treatment options are available to treat this condition of folliculitis and a physician might use any of these depending upon the patient's condition-

  • Antibiotics
  • Antifungal medication
  • Steroid creams
  • Following skin and hair hygiene
  • Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.
  • Exfoliation of ingrown hair

With inputs from Dr. Rishabh Kohli, General Physician, Wellness Healthcare.