Diplopia Or Double Vision: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Take a deep dive into this article and learn about the causes, types and treatment of Diplopia or double vision from Dr. Arvind Kumar.

Charu Sharma
Written by: Charu SharmaUpdated at: Jan 01, 2022 13:30 IST
Diplopia Or Double Vision: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

3rd Edition of HealthCare Heroes Awards 2023

Ever come across a situation where you can see two images of one object in your sight? This condition is known as Diplopia  or double vision. Due to this condition a person can either see two images side by side or on top of each other. It can happen in both the eyes or one at a time. When the issue of double eye affects a person’s single eye then it is known as monocular. And, if both the eyes get affected then it is known as binocular. Double vision is a medical state that affects a person’s reading ability, movement and even balance. This is a treatable situation and can be corrected by glasses, exercise and surgery. 

Let us take a deep dive into this article and learn about the causes, types and treatment of Diplopia or double vision from Dr. Arvind Kumar, Consultant, Ophthalmology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad.

What is Diplopia?

As we witness this beautiful world through our eyes and hence even a slight issue with our eyes can lead to a lot of discomfort. With Diplopia being a condition which leads to double vision, it can affect a person’s reading ability, balance and movement. It can either affect one eye or the other and can result in a range of underlying health issues. A temporary double vision of Diplopia  can be caused due to the use of some kind of recreational drugs or alcohol as well and tends to go away with their effect. On the other hand a permanent Diplopia can lead to several complications and cause a lot of discomfort and turn out as a hindrance in a person’s daily life activities.

Image Credits- VOI

Also Read: Know All About Common Eye Infections From Ophthalmologist

This condition can involve various parts of your eyes such as the lens, cornea, nerves, muscles and even the brain. A problem with any of these organs or parts of the eye can lead to the condition of Diplopia .

Types of Diplopia 

The vision problem of Diplopia is usually an indication of some or the other underlying health condition. Diplopia is of two types namely monocular diplopia and binocular diplopia.

  • Monocular Diplopia

The situation of double vision in one eye is termed as monocular diplopia. Caused due to a refractive error in the early stage of cataracts, keratoconus, astigmatism, pterygium or the dry eye syndrome.

  • Binocular Diplopia

Binocular Diplopia is a double vision situation which affects both the eyes. Caused due to the misalignment of eyes or strabismus is a result of carnival nerve damage. These nerves are responsible for providing motion and sensory supply to the muscles. 

Causes of Diplopia

Image Credits- Wellington Eye Centre

Also Read:  6 Basic Tips To Prevent Cataract Eye Disease

Each eye is responsible for creating a separate image of the environment which is then combined by the brain to perceive it as a one clear picture. In order to create the depth of field, both eyes need to work in coordination. Damage to any part of the eye, muscles, nerves or brain can lead to double vision. Here we have listed some of the causes of this condition as told by Dr. Arvind Kumar

  • Trauma to eyes
  • Tumor 
  • Cataract
  • Paralysis in an extraocular muscle
  • Head injury
  • Brain stroke
  • Neurological conditions

Treatment for Diplopia

Generally in the case of diplopia where a patient complains about double vision that makes it very difficult to carry out daily life activities such as reading, driving, writing and even balancing which can be injurious to one’s health. Dr. Arvind suggests that in case of a diploma one needs to keep their blood pressure under control. Although the treatment usually depends upon the main cause of this vision problem, some of the treatment options available for correcting this condition are-

  • Prismatic glass correction
  • Surgery in case of paralysis of extraocular muscles
  • Treating the underlying condition 

(With inputs from Dr. Arvind Kumar, Consultant, Ophthalmology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad)