Kidney is one of the very important part of the human body and so, there are two kidneys to help us survive. These perform various necessary functions including purification and detoxification of the body to keep vital minerals and eliminate waste from the body. Kidney dysfunction, thus, can be injurious to health. World kidney day is celebrated to spread awareness regarding importance of kidney health and ways to keep them in their best condition. In this article, Dr. Dilip M Babu, Consultant Nephrologist, Yashoda Hospitals Hyderabad explains about the most common kidney problem that is chronic kidney disease. Scroll down to read more.
What is chronic kidney disease?
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is once the kidneys shut down after they are operating ordinarily, the kidneys filter the blood and take away waste and excess salt and water. In people with CKD, the kidneys slowly lose the flexibility to filter the blood, remove waste material and water from the body.
What are the symptoms of CKD?
At first, CKD causes no symptoms in the early stages of kidney disease. As the disease gets worse, it can:
- Make your feet, ankles, or legs swell.
- Give you a high-pressure level
- Make you terribly tired, Low haemoprotein level
- Damage your bones
What causes chronic kidney disease?
Here is a list of all the possible causes of chronic kidney disease:
- Histories of obesity
- coronary failure
- liver failure
- autoimmune disorder
- continual and sophisticated tract infections
- reduced urinary organ mass(eg, cutting out, excretory organ agenesis)
Inherited disorders, like some cystic and capillary vessel urinary organ diseases are comparatively common causes of CKD. Thus, it's necessary to grasp renal disorder in relation, together with their history of huge kidneys with several cysts seen in polycystic renal disorder or abnormal puss like blood or macromolecule within the puss.
According to Dr. Dilip, Chronic kidney disease should be suspected among patients who have the peripheral arterial disease who have multiple vascular risk factors, such as age over 50 years, hyperlipidemia, or cigarette smoking. The renovascular disease can present as CKD. Features that suggest CKD due to renovascular disease include high blood pressure not controlled with multiple BP medicines.
Patients having a history of cancer (eg, malignant tumor or excretory organ cell carcinoma), and treatment with therapy or therapy might develop CKD from cancer itself or from its treatment.
Urinary tract obstruction has a history of previous urinary organ stones, enlarged prostate, neurologic malady involving the bladder, gross haematuria, lower abdominal, pelvic, or flank pain, or in men with lower tract symptoms will cause CKD.
Also Read: Renal Diet- Know 7 Foods That Could Help You During Dialysis
Long-standing polygenic disease and high blood pressure usually result in urinary organ injury. The duration of disease (diabetes and/or hypertension) and the degree of control should be determined in such patients. Additionally, the presence of diabetic or hypertensive tissue layer injury ought to be observed as a result of patients with retinopathy having the next probability of getting CKD(Chronic kidney disease) from polygenic disease and/or high blood pressure.
- Patients with risk factors for human immunological disorder HIV, hepatitis C, or viral hepatitis virus infections, like a history of endovenous drug use or sexually transmitted malady ought to be tested for the presence of those viruses. as a result of these viruses might cause a spread of urinary organ diseases.
- Potentially urinary organ deadly medications that the patient employed in the past (even if not presently using). For example, prolonged use of Li for psychiatric conditions or medicine combination agents might cause chronic urinary organ injury.
- Toxic environmental or activity contaminants might reveal exposure to steer, that is related to CKD. A history of lead mining, plumbing, auto repair work, or building could also be related to important lead exposure
How to prevent chronic kidney disease?
Yes, you'll be able to shield your kidneys by:
- Blood pressure management.Take pressure levels and alternative medicines each day, if your doctor them to you.
- Keeping your glucose in exceedingly strict management, if you have got the polygenic disease.
- Changing your diet, if your doctor says you must
- Quitting smoking, if you smoke
- Losing weight, if you're overweight
- Lastly, avoid medicines called "nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine," or NSAIDs pain killers. Need to check with a concerned doctor or urinary organ specialist before beginning any new medicines – even over-the-counter ones.
What happens if kidneys stop working completely?
If your kidneys shut down fully, you'll be able to make a choice from three completely different treatments to require over the task of your kidneys.
You can have urinary organ transplant surgery that is that the best obtainable choice. That way, the new urinary organ will do the task of your own kidneys. If you have got a urinary organ transplant, you'll ought to take medicines for the remainder of your life to stay your body from reacting badly to the new urinary organ. you simply want one urinary organ to measure.
You can have your blood filtered by a machine. This treatment is named "hemodialysis," however many folks decision it simply "dialysis." If you decide on this approach, you'll ought to be attached to the machine a minimum of three times every week for some hours for the remainder of your life. Before you begin, you'll additionally ought to have surgery to arrange a vas for attachment to the machine known as A-V fistula.
You can learn to use a special fluid that has got to be piped in and out of your abdomen each day. This treatment is named "peritoneal qualitative analysis." If you decide on this sort of qualitative analysis, you'll want surgery to possess a tube established in your belly. Then you'll have to be compelled to learn the way to pipe the fluid in and out through that tube.
You and your doctor can ought to work along to search out a treatment that is right for you. urinary organ transplant surgery is typically the simplest choice for many folks.
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