Common Diseases To Care About After 50

After you attain the age of 50, the risk of many health conditions, many of which are life-threatening, increases.

Varun Verma
Written by: Varun VermaUpdated at: Dec 19, 2022 19:18 IST
Common Diseases To Care About After 50

After you attain the age of 50, the risk of many health conditions, many of which are life-threatening, increases. While some diseases are inevitable with ageing, others can be managed by following a healthy lifestyle. Here are six diseases that one must look for after they have passed the golden mark of 50 years in their life.

Vision Related Issues

In seniors, eye-related issues like cataracts, presbyopia, macular degeneration, glaucoma, and dry eyes are common. Among these, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma are related to vision. In the case of macular degeneration, the macula is affected. While in the case of glaucoma, the pressure of fluid increases in the eye, damaging the optic nerve and impacting peripheral vision that, eventually leads to blindness.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is another common condition that is seen to increase after 50, increasing the risk of problems like heart disease. The reason for increased blood pressure during ageing is that the arteries tend to lose their elasticity and the pressure inside them keeps increasing. The condition is worsened due to more weight and stress in people of this age. However, certain lifestyle modifications and medications can help manage high blood pressure.

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Heart Diseases

The risk of heart disease increases as you attain 50 years of age. This can be caused due to overtime build-up of plaque inside the blood vessels, which blocks the flow of blood, leading to stroke and heart attack. Considering the severity, it is important to go through a regular checkup, so that early diagnosis and treatment can be made.

Hearing Loss

Presbycusis is the most prevalent type of age-related hearing loss, in which the ability to hear high-pitched noises gradually declines. The second most common type of hearing loss is noise-induced hearing loss, which occurs when you are exposed to loud sounds over time. The capacity to hear high-frequency sounds is frequently lost first in both circumstances.

Bone Diseases

Several bone-related problems, like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, develop as people age. In the case of osteoporosis, the bones become weak and can even lead to fractures. Osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis in older adults, degenerating the joints. It occurs when the tissues that buffer the ending of the bones within the joints break down over time.


Diabetes can strike at any age, but the risk of this increases with age. When you suffer from diabetes, the quantity of sugar in your blood (glucose) increases. This can eventually lead to issues such as damage to the eyes, nerves, and kidneys, heart disease and stroke. Diabetes symptoms include intense hunger or thirst, exhaustion, a frequent need to urinate, and blurred vision. When encountering these symptoms, it is important to visit a doctor immediately.

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Many of these diseases, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and diabetes, are severe. That is why the diagnosis should be made at an early stage. Thus, it is crucial to have regular visits to your doctor and eliminate the risk of these conditions.

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