Asthma is a chronic chest disease marked by difficulty in breathing. It is a condition where over-reactive airways narrow down and restrict airflow because of the mucus which narrows down the path of air or when there is swelling in the cells or when the muscle walls contract. In babies it’s harder to tell because their airways are already very small. Generally repeated coughing, wheezing, tightness of chest or shortness of breath and fast breaths, are commonly found symptoms. And they get worse during viral infections, when exposed to pollution or smoke, while laughing or crying, weather changes, and while exercising. These symptoms worsen at night.
Wheezing may not be found in every child suffering from asthma and it’s not very common in the first two months. Also in the first three years of a child’s life, wheezing is mostly due to viral respiratory infections. As a child’s airways are very small so more mucus accumulates. The walls are very thin. So it may lead to more coughing, wheezing, tightness of chest or shortness of breath or fast breaths. Earlier it was difficult to tell which child will have lifelong asthma but now it’s possible due to Asthma Predictive Index.
Asthma in babies should not be taken lightly because it can even cause lung failure. Few signs and symptoms of asthma in babies are:
If any of the above symptoms are observed then avoid giving too much liquid to your child. Also avoid exposure to moist air, and consult a doctor. Wheezing is not only a sign of asthma but also other diseases and infections such as Bronchiolitis, respiratory virus, larynx or trachea infection, cystic fibrosis, milk aspiration, heart problems, lungs development problems or even the presence of some foreign body in the airway.
Consult your doctor for asthma related issues if:
It will be difficult to if the baby is suffering from asthma until s/he is seven years old because his/her lungs will be fully developed only by then.