What Does The Smell of Urine Tell About The Overall Health?

A stinky stream of your urine might sometimes be the most helpful indicator of an underlying health problem that requires immediate care.

Sambhav Kumar
Written by: Sambhav KumarUpdated at: Dec 30, 2022 18:08 IST
What Does The Smell of Urine Tell About The Overall Health?

Majority of changes in urine odour are transient and can be ascribed to certain diets, vitamins, and medications. However, foul or discoloured urine might occasionally suggest an underlying medical issue.

Urine generally has a mild odour, although some odd and strong odours may be detected. Peculiar odour, along with pain, nausea,  or blood in urine, are indications that you should consult a doctor.

What Different Urine Odours May Indicate

Diet, vitamins, medications, and hydration levels can all explain the odour of urine. However, a stinky stream of your urine might sometimes be a sign of an underlying health problem that requires care.

Urine With An Ammonia Odour

A urinary tract infection could be indicated by the presence of ammonia in your urine (UTI). The odour indicates that germs are present in your urinary system, most likely in your urethra, kidneys, or bladder.

Urine containing evidence of a UTI may be murky or even crimson in colour. Urinating can also be painful, which is intensified by the fact that you may feel the need to urinate more frequently. Other symptoms include a fever and mental disorientation.

Also read: Study Finds Urine Biomarker May Provide Early Detection Of Alzheimer’s Disease

There can be other reasons of urine with an ammonia odour that includes:

  • Kidney illness or kidney stones
  • Disease of the liver
  • Menopause
  • Infection of the prostate
  • Chlamydia, which is a sexually transmitted disease (The symptoms are similar to those of a UTI, with one notable exception: a pus discharge)

If you are experiencing the above symptoms then you need to visit a doctor immediately. 

Urine That smells fruity 

Urine with a sweet or fruity odour can be an indication of diabetes or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). The pleasant odour is caused by your body expending its extra glucose or sugars.

Sweet-smelling urine in children, particularly infants, may suggest maple syrup urine illness. This uncommon and potentially fatal metabolic condition stops the body from breaking down particular amino acids found in meals.

Also read: Puss In Urine? Try These 6 Dietary Tips Recommended By Urologist To Stop Pyuria

Foul Smelling Urine

Foul-smelling urine could be a sign of one of two rare metabolic diseases.

Trimethylaminuria (TAMU) or fish odour syndrome, an uncommon illness in which your body is unable to metabolise trimethylamine, a  highly stinky molecule. As a result, your pee, breath, and sweat smell like, you guessed it, rotting fish. This disorder can be hereditary or acquired. While it is an unpleasant condition, it is not very hazardous.

Foods that convert to sulphur compounds in your body can cause your urine to stink. This odour is frequently associated with rotten cabbage or rotten eggs and can be caused by eating asparagus, garlic, or onions. 

There is usually a simple explanation for urine that smells strange. However, if the odour persists and is accompanied by other symptoms, then you need to consult a doctor. 

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