The mother's immune system protects the baby in the womb, so the baby feels safe. But after birth, the baby has to face a variety of viruses. In the first few years, the immune system in the baby's body is not developed enough to protect the baby from external bacteria-viruses, etc. Therefore, some injections are given to the baby to prevent serious diseases, which are known as vaccines. Therefore, vaccination is very important for the baby after birth. It is a process through which a person receives the power to fight infectious diseases.
Why vaccination is necessary for a baby?
The vaccine is also known as an injection in common colloquial language. Vaccination is a very good way to fight infectious diseases which helps a lot in controlling and eliminating diseases. Several reports claim that vaccination is a cost-effective health investment.
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Vaccines that protect against diseases, such as:
- Whooping cough (diphtheria)
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Mumps, and Rubella
- Influenza Type A
25 million children survive every year
Vaccination protects the lives of about 2.5 million (25 lakh) people every year. This includes children under 5 years of age. A disease like smallpox that caused a vortex of deaths worldwide is now eliminated through effective vaccination. At the same time, vaccination has also brought a lot of relief from diseases like polio, but do you know how the vaccination was used?
How Did Vaccines start?
- A vaccine was discovered long ago to get rid of smallpox. Vaccination practices were already popular in China, Sudan, and some European countries. At the same time, there is a process of making the diseased person healthy through inoculation.
- The biggest change in vaccination came in the year 1790. In the 1790s, Edward Jenner learned of a 13-year-old boy who had smallpox. After this case, he saw several other cases and experimented with several new types of experiments.
- Later, Louis Pasteur took the vaccination forward. At the same time, the germ theory revolutionized the world of microbial science. At the same time, by discovering vaccines, he made major changes to the world of immunology and proved to be a revolution.
- Vaccines made by Pasteur have created a new place in the world of modern medicine, as these vaccines are still being used to prevent diseases like measles, rubella, chickenpox and certain types of influenza.
- New vaccines were added to health programs in the 20th century. This included vaccines from diphtheria (1926), pertussis (1914) and tetanus (1938).
- These three vaccines were combined in 1948 and were given the form of a DTP vaccine.
- In 1955, the polio vaccine was licensed.
- After getting the license, the country is fast being banned from such diseases.
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