Tips to prevent Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer is a rare type of cancer, which mostly affects men between the age group of 15 and 40. There are no known risk factors or definite ways to prevent testicular cancer. The following measures increase the chance of early diagnosis of testicular cancer when it is most likely to be curable.
[Read: Symptoms of Testicular Cancer]
Do regular testicular self-exams: Many testicular cancers are discovered incidentally by the person concerned. You can help diagnose the condition in the early stages by doing a monthly testicular self-exam. This self-exam is a way to examine the testis to look for signs of cancer in the testicles. Steps to do a self-exam are as follows:
Examine the testis after a warm shower or bath. The warm shower or bath relaxes the skin of the scrotum and it becomes easier to feel any lump or anything unusual.
Both the hands should be used to examine the testis and each testicle should be examined individually. For examining the testis, the index and middle fingers are placed underneath the testicle and the thumb on top. The testicle is rolled between the thumbs and fingers to feel for abnormality such as lump, size or fluid (even normal testicles can be of different size).
- While examining, you may feel a cord-like structure on top and at the rear back of the testicle. Do not confuse this with a lump as it is the epididymis (a structure which stores and transports sperm).
Go for physical exam once a year: Your doctor can examine you for abnormality in the testis such as lump, size or fluid.
Pay attention to your symptoms: Consult a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms: ;
- Painless lump or swelling of testicles (most common presenting symptom of testicular cancer in more than ninety percent of patients).
- Pain or feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
- Enlarged or swollen scrotum.
- Sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum.
- Dull ache in the lower abdomen, back or groin.
- Breast development or pain in breast.
[Read: Diagnosis of Testicular Cancer]
If you have one or more of these symptoms, it does not mean that you have testicular cancer. Your doctor can evaluate you to diagnose the cause of your symptoms and treat them accordingly.
Read more articles on Testicular Cancer
Source: Expert Content Feb 12, 2013
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