Role Of Metabolic Surgery To Manage Diabetes

The American Diabetes Association has included metabolic surgery in the treatment of diabetes for the past 10 years.

Sambhav Kumar
Written by: Sambhav KumarUpdated at: Dec 10, 2022 10:00 IST
Role Of Metabolic Surgery To Manage Diabetes

According to studies, metabolic surgery has proved to be an effective way to lose weight and control type 2 diabetes. To treat diabetes, it is necessary to control blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Increase in blood sugar level can increase the risk of eye problems, kidney problems (nephropathy), peripheral neuropathy, and heart diseases.

Metabolic surgery is helpful in reducing the mortality rate and improving the quality of life. According to experts, reducing weight for diabetes patients is no less than a challenge. Some anti-diabetic drugs such as insulin, sulfonylurea, etc. can cause weight gain in the treatment of diabetes. Let us know what is the role of metabolic surgery for diabetic patients and whether diabetes can be relieved with this surgery.

What Is Metabolic Surgery?

Gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and sleeve-plus surgery are examples of metabolic/bariatric procedures. An operation is conducted inside the stomach. According to experts, metabolic surgery controls diabetes by controlling weight. Improvement in diabetes after bariatric surgery depends on the patient's age, BMI, endocrine function of the pancreas, and genetic factors.

What Is The role Of Metabolic Surgery?

The American Diabetes Association has included metabolic surgery in the treatment of diabetes for the past 10 years. According to experts, this surgery can prove to be helpful in reducing weight and controlling type-2 diabetes. More than 90% of patients with this surgery experience an improvement in blood sugar along with a reduction in the need for diabetes medications. Through this surgery occurance of retinopathy, nephropathy, peripheral neuropathy and heart diseases can be postponed for  a long time. 

It is possible to get rid of diabetes through metabolic surgery but for that it is necessary to make lifestyle changes such as those in food habits and staying away from stress. After this surgery, medicines should not be stopped without the doctor's advice. Bariatric and metabolic surgery is just as safe as other types of surgery. Compared to oesophageal cancer surgery or heart bypass surgery, it is observed to be less dangerous. With the help of this surgery, metabolism is boosted and the body develops the ability to fight against many diseases.

Also read: Researchers Develop AI Model To Predict Type 2 Diabetes Onset Within 12 Hours

Types Of Metabolic Surgery

There are different types of surgery that can lower the amount of a one time meal that a person can eat. Also, there are procedures that can decrease the absorption of nutrients. 

Gastric bypass

Gastric bypass is a permanent process. The top of the stomach is separated from the other organs by the help of staples. After surgery the pouch can hold about an ounce of food. 

The pouch and lower part of the small intestine which is cut by the surgeon are attached.

Vertical sleeve gastrectomy

This surgery is sometimes also called stomach stapling. It functions by surgically eliminating around 80% of the stomach, leaving behind a long pouch. Rerouting of intestine is not necessary in this process. 

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding

Small icisions in the abdomen are made by the surgeon. A tube with a camera called laproscope is then inserted through the incisions and a band on the upper part of the stomach is also attached.

Also read: Poor Oral Health May Complicate Your Diabetes Management, Here's What You Can Do

Other types

The Maestro system, which uses an implantable device to control appetite, and the duodenal switch are two more popular methods through which bariatric surgery is performed. 

 

 

 

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