Cancer of the prostate gland is a common type of cancer occurring in males above the age of 50 years. There are a couple of treatments based on a number of factors, such as:
- the person’s general condition
- the stage of the cancer
- the blood level of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen)
- whether the patient is fit to face the side-effects of treatment for prostate cancer.
Take a look at some of the treatment options for prostate cancer. It is also important for patients to know that each treatment has its own side-effects that must be weighed before opting for any treatment.
Read: Prostate Cancer Diet
Surgery is an option for those patients with prostate cancer, who are healthy and medically fit to undergo the operation. There are three types of surgeries.
Pelvic lymphadenectomy: in this surgery, the pelvic lymph nodes are taken out.
Radical prostatectomy: in this surgery, the whole gland is removed along with the lymph nodes.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate: in this surgery, a part of the affected tissue alone and not the entire gland.
In this type of therapy, high energy x-rays or any other type of radiation is used to kill the cancerous cells or keep them from growing. The patient may have to go through either the external radiation therapy or internal radiation therapy. [Read: Prostate Cancer Radiation therapy Side-Effects]
Hormone therapy helps prevent the testicle from producing testosterone, which is responsible for the growth of the prostate tissue and therefore, the tumour. Some of the hormone therapies include leutinising hormone-releasing hormones agonists, such as anti-antrogens.
Other Treatment Options
Some other treatments that may be used to treat prostate cancer include:
Cryosurgery: this method uses extreme cold to freeze the cancer tissues and destroy them.
Proton bean radiation therapy: this is a type of radiation therapy that uses proton beans to target the tumour cells.
Chemotherapy: this method uses drugs to manipulate the cell cycle that is responsible for multiplication of cells.
High intensity focussed ultrasound: this method uses energy sound waves to kill cancer cells.
Biologic therapy or immunotherapy: in this method, lab generated or natural substances are used to manipulate the body’s immune system.
For successful treatment of prostate cancer, early diagnosis of the disease is necessary so there is a better prognosis for the cancer. it has been found that the prognosis in developed countries is poorer compared with the rest of the world.
Read more articles on Prostate Cancer Treatment.