Traditional Japanese and Southern Mediterranean diet are often linked to reduction in the risk for prostate cancer. The former includes a variety of vegetables, fish, green tea and soy foods while the latter includes fresh vegetables, fruits, red wine, garlic, tomatoes, olive oil and fish. Both these diets, however, are low in red meat.
Dietary Habits and Prostate Cancer
A preliminary study at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) suggested that low-fat diet supplemented with fish oil lowers the growth of prostate cancer cells. There are many such evidence of certain foods slowing the growth of prostate cancer or reducing the risk of its recurrence after treatment. Some of the foods were also linked to the reduction in the after-effects of prostate cancer treatment. [Read: Types of Surgery for Prostate Cancer]
Mentioned below are some dietary recommendations that can cut the risk of prostate cancer.
- Red meat and high-fat dairy products must be omitted from one’s diet schedule as these are highly likely to stimulate prostate cancer cells to grow.
- Avoid margarines and fried/baked foods that are high in trans fatty acids.
- Fresh fish (cold-water fish such as salmon, sardines, mackerel and trout) providing alpha omega-3 fatty acids significantly cut the risk of prostate cancer growth. Have poached, baked or grilled fish instead of fried fish.
- Fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries and seeds possess anticancer properties. Therefore, increase their intake. For example, eat a lot of cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. Moreover, tomato in its raw form provides lycopene, an effective anticancer agent.
- Avoid foods that provide calcium and zinc in excess.
- Ensure that you have multivitamins with B complex and folic acid daily.
- Spicy food preparations along with preserved, pickled and salted foods must be avoided.
- Olive or avocado oil should be preferred in food preparations over flax seed oil, canola or soybean oil.
- Excess calories promote cancer growth. Keep yourself full with energy foods so that you don’t eat excess calories.
When you are at the risk of prostate cancer or are being treated for it, adequate nutrition becomes extremely important. Keep in mind that the body is working towards fighting cancer cells and the healthy cells that get damaged due to treatments, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy need to be repaired with adequate supply of nutrition.
Sometimes, treatment therapies may also have a negative impact on the patient’s appetite. In such a case, a healthy diet encompassing essential nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals is essential.
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