Here's A Complete Guide to Ovarian Cancer by Dr Atul Narayankar, Consultant Medical Oncology, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road.
Are you suffering from ovarian cancer? Here we brief you about the causes, symptoms, risk factors, early diagnosis, and treatment of it. Read on to know more about this, and tackle it at the right time. Women, do you often encounter pelvic or abdominal pain? Are you feeling bloated? Is there a loss of appetite? Then, you must instantly consult a doctor as these could be the symptoms of ovarian cancer. Ovarian tumours may be benign or malignant. Ovarian cancer can be termed as a malignant tumour, on or within a woman’s ovary. Are you aware? Dr Atul Narayankar, Consultant Medical Oncology, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Road explains that it starts in the female reproductive organs that produce the eggs or ova (i.e. the ovaries), and can spread to the pelvic organs and later to other abdominal organs and lungs as well.
Causes of ovarian cancer
- Women having family members who have had ovarian cancer, are at a greater risk of developing the condition. Do you know that BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes - if inherited, may invite this condition?
- Women in the peri-menopausal and postmenopausal age group of 40 to 70 years commonly suffer from ovarian Cancers. However, it may present in the younger age group, especially amongst patients with a genetic predisposition.
- Those women who reach puberty early or have no children had their first child late, and those who achieve late menopause have a greater chance of developing ovarian cancer than others.
- Exposure to specific environmental agents such as talc, pesticides, and herbicides may contribute too.
Symptoms of ovarian cancer: Did you know? Pelvic or abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, pain after sex, bloating, urgent or frequent urination, and even loss of appetite or feeling full that to can be the symptom of ovarian cancer quickly. Moreover, you must see to it that if these symptoms persist or worsen, then it is the need of the hour that you visit your gynaecologist for cancer screening. Get diagnosed with the underlying disease and seek appropriate treatment.
Diagnosis of ovarian cancer: There is no standard screening technique to detect this type of cancer. TVUS is the test that tends to use sound waves to look at the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries by putting an ultrasound probe into the vagina Even pelvic examination coupled with an ultrasound examination, a blood test for cancer-related markers, and a biopsy is usually done by a gynecologic oncologist can be helpful.
Treatment of ovarian cancer
- Likewise, the treatment will also depend on the size and location of the tumour. During the first stage, surgery is the mainstay of the treatment.
- In the second and third stage, the addition of chemotherapy to surgery will be recommended reducing the chances of disease relapse.
- In the advanced fourth stage, one can be given palliative care with chemotherapy in addition to newer targeted therapies to control and manage the disease.
- Different types of targeted therapies work distinctively, but can change the way cancer cell grows, divides, or tends to interact with other cells. Speak to your doctor about prompt treatment for you, and get going.
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