World Menstrual Hygiene Day 2022: These Medical Tests Identify Menstrual Issues

This menstrual hygiene day, let us tell you about some medical tests that can identify underlying problems causing menstrual irregularities.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: May 26, 2022Updated at: May 26, 2022
World Menstrual Hygiene Day 2022: These Medical Tests Identify Menstrual Issues

Since a long time, menstruation has been one of the biggest taboos in India. The government has played a vital role by introducing initiatives to deal with such issues. This could also help spread awareness about menstruation and break the myths around this issue in society. This World Menstrual Hygiene Day, let us tell you about eight tests for menstrual irregularities that women should get to find out if they have any menstrual issue or not.

Menstruation has many other complications that impact women’s health. Most of the time, women don’t even realize that they are facing some menstrual problem, and by the time the problem manifests itself, it gets too severe. With the proper awareness, we have come to understand different issues with menstruation and understand the importance of menstrual health.

8 Diagnostic Tests for Irregular Menstrual Cycle

According to Mr. Gaurav Dubey, CEO, Livlong, here’s a list of some medical tests to ensure that you do not have any menstrual issues. 

Pelvic exam 

This exam allows the doctor to examine your pelvic organs. Under this exam, the position and size of your uterus, ovaries, and cervix are assessed. First, the visual inspection of the vulva, vagina, and cervix is done. After this, the doctor inserts one or two gloved fingers inside the vagina while using the other hand to press the lower belly. If there are any unusual growths or painful spots, they can be identified with the help of this examination. 

Also Read: Does Hot Weather Affect Menstrual Cycle? Understand The Link Between Them

Rectal-vaginal exam

This examination is done to feel the ovaries and ligaments of the uterus. The doctor inserts one finger inside the rectum and the other inside the vagina to feel the tissues deep in the pelvis. By doing this, the doctor checks the abnormalities in the uterus and on the lower walls of the vagina.

Medical tests for menstrual irregularities

Pelvic ultrasound

Pelvic ultrasound is used to visualize organs in the lower pelvis, including the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and bladder. This examination uses sound waves emitted from a small, handheld device called a transducer. After applying the gel to your skin, the transducer is placed on the lower abdomen to diagnose abnormal menstrual bleeding. It can also be used to view the lining of the uterus. There are no radiations involved in ultrasound.

Transvaginal ultrasound

This technique uses sound waves to provide images of female reproductive organs, including the uterus, cervix, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic area. A lubricated probe is placed about 5 cm in the vagina. The probe is then maneuvered to capture the images of the pelvic organs.

Also Read: 5 Pelvic Floor Exercises To Relieve Urinary Incontinence

Anti-Müllerian Hormone Test

The AMH test measures the level of anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) in the blood. AMH plays a vital role in developing sex organs in an unborn baby. The AMH test is used to check a woman’s ability to produce eggs that can be fertilized for pregnancy. AMH levels help show how many potential egg cells a woman has left, known as the ovarian reserve.

Medical tests for menstrual irregularities


In this test, the doctor checks the inside of the uterus with a hysteroscope. It is inserted in the vagina, through the cervix, and into the uterus. The doctor sees the image on the screen and allows the doctor to look at the lining of your uterus and take a biopsy or remove small polyps. 

Also Read: Do Not Ignore Bleeding After Menopause, It Could Be A Sign of Uterine Fibroids


This process allows introducing a particular type of dye into the uterus and fallopian tubes and then taking the x-ray. The dye is filled in the small tube in the vagina, through the cervix, and then into the uterus. This test shows whether there are any structural abnormalities within the uterus. This test is also done to see whether the fallopian tubes are open or blocked.


This procedure is also known as saline infusion sonography, similar to transvaginal ultrasound. The only difference is that a doctor will introduce a small amount of sterile saline solution into the uterus before the ultrasound procedure. This helps in having an improved view of the lining of the uterus.

If you are experiencing irregularities in your menstrual cycle, you must consult a gynaecologist to get these diagnostic tests done. This would help in identifying the problem and resolve it in time.

Image credits- freepik