Low blood pressure or hypotension is when your BP drops below 90mm Hg(systolic) and 60mm Hg(diastolic). This can happen due to numerous reasons but if you are diagnosed with hypotension, it is important to take utmost care. Low BP is okay but when it occurs frequently, it can become life-threatening. It is observed that a lot of people are less informed about hypotension, its risks, complications and other details. It poses more risk as lack of information may lead to poor diagnosis and late treatment. In order to raise awareness about hypotension, Onlymyhealth is marking it as ‘Focus Of The Month’. In this article, Dr. K Seshi Kiran, Consultant Physician, Yashoda Hospitals Hyderabad answers some of the commonly asked questions about low pressure. Make sure to read and share the information with others.
When is low blood pressure an emergency?
Usually, low blood pressure is not an emergency but if you experience other symptoms along with low BP, you must seek immediate medical attention. These symptoms include:
- Feeling cold and shivering
- Skin turning blue
- Shallow or rapid breathing
- Chest pain
- Heart palpitations
According to Dr. Kiran, “low BP leads to end organ damage like renal failure, hepatitis, ischeamic encephalopathy, etc. If this happens, it is an emergency. Treatment of the underlying cause is the basis of recovery.”
So, if you experience multiple symptoms along with low BP, you must consult a doctor immediately, failing to which, it can be fatal for you.
What is low blood pressure with high pulse?
In a rare situation, some people experience low blood pressure but high heart rate. This is not a good sign. According to doctor, low BP may be associated with a high heart rate. This is a compensatory mechanism of the system for the low tissue perfusion.
This may happen when the body is not receiving enough oxygen and if this persist, the body may slip into shock. So, if you experience low blood pressure with high pulse rate, get immediate medical aid.
What to do if too low blood pressure?
Patients of low blood pressure might not experience extreme lows of BP but when it happens, here are some ways to increase your BP immediately:
- Drink water- When your body is dehydrated, your blood pressure might become too low. So, the first step to raise BP should be drinking a lot of water. Wait for 10 minutes to see if there is any improvement in your BP. If not, practice the other steps mentioned below.
- Consume salt- The home remedy to raise blood pressure is consuming salt. It has sodium that helps in raising blood pressure but do not overconsume. It might worsen the situation as excess sodium might trigger heart problems.
- Wear compression stocking- These stockings are great for people who often experience low blood pressure situations. These compression stocking create pressure on the veins that helps in increasing blood pressure.
- Take medication- The last resort is taking medication. You must have these handy but do not take unless necessary. Try to manage without medicine but if needed, take medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Can low blood pressure cause miscarriage?
If you suffer from low blood pressure during pregnancy, do not take it lightly. Health issues can hamper health of a pregnant woman in many ways and it could be life-threatening sometimes. Doctor explains, low BP in pregnancy can be an emergency in certain situations like ante Parfums haemorrhage, pituitary apoplexy, etc. miscarriage can happen if left untreated.
How to treat low blood pressure?
Treatment depends on the cause of low BP. For example heat stroke needs to be treated with ample fluid replacement and electrolyte correction.treating the cause of low BP usually corrects the condition.
These are some of the most-asked questions on low blood pressure that we thought to answer. It is very important to raise awareness about these common health issues as these can become chronic and severe if not attended on time.
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