Diabetic patients are often found to have increased levels of blood sugar in the morning (which usually happens before breakfast). This is called fasting glucose. However, for those who do not have diabetes, their blood sugar also increases in the morning. But the difference is that diabetes can cause problems for the patient, whereas it is not a problem for a non-diabetic. According to the American Diabetes Association, the diabetes patient's body does not use insulin properly, which leads to increased levels of blood sugar in the morning (can be dangerous).
Why is morning blood sugar higher?
Usually, in the evening, our body produces insulin in small amounts. Between 4 am and 8 am, our body starts doing certain hormonal activities on its own, which increases the flow of glucose in the body so that the person can get the energy to work. During this time, the levels of many special hormones in your body such as:
- growth hormone, etc.
increase, so that the body can transfer more glucose to your liver and muscles. But diabetes patients lack insulin, due to which glucose starts to dissolve in the blood instead of being absorbed into the muscles. This is why blood sugar increases in the morning.
Why 4 AM to 8 PM?
If you are wondering why this happens between 4 am and 8 pm every day, then let us tell you that we all work according to a natural clock, which is called circadian rhythm. The body sets the flow of hormones and other activities according to the day and night clock.
Causes of Morning Blood Sugar Increase
If a diabetic patient sees increased blood sugar in the morning or has any problem, then there can be several reasons:
- Not taking the right dose of insulin before sleeping at night
- Have forgotten the medicine prescribed by the doctor at night
- Consumed food with high carbohydrates at night
- Have eaten some unhealthy snacks (while feeling hungry) late at night
Tips to Control Fasting Blood Sugar
- After dinner, take a quick walk, this will reduce your blood sugar in the morning
- Eat foods with low carbohydrates at night
- Especially keep dinner and evening breakfast with fewer carbs.
- Eat the medicines given by the doctor at the right time. Do not eat night medicine too soon, otherwise, its effect will decrease by morning (which will increase blood sugar).
- The habit of eating light snacks late at night can also increase your blood sugar in the morning. Therefore, if you feel hungry at night, then eat such things that do not increase your blood sugar, such as nuts or cheese, etc.
- Less than 6 hours of sleep can increase your blood sugar. Therefore, sleep for 6 to 8 hours at night.
- If your blood sugar level is increased in the morning, don't skip breakfast (because when you eat something the hormonal process stops).
- Regularly test your blood sugar, so that you can keep a track on its increase or decrease
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