According to a study conducted by Kavin Raj, Saint Peter’s University Hospital/Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in New Brunswick, N.J, presented at ENDO 2022, Prediabetes can also be an independent risk factor for heart attack. Prediabetes is borderline diabetes and not the active chronic condition of diabetes. In prediabetic conditions, the glucose level is higher in the blood but not as high to be called type 2 diabetes. The link between diabetes and heart attack is well established. If you have diabetes, there is a higher risk of heart disease. As per a study presented at ENDO 2022, the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, prediabetes also increases the risk of heart attack by 25% as compared to patients without the condition.
Manage Prediabetes, not just Diabetes
The lead author of the study, Kavin Raj Saint Peter’s University Hospital/Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School in New Brunswick, N.J, said, "Our study plays the role of a wake-up call for everyone to focus on managing prediabetes, not just diabetes." He further added saying, "Based on our conclusion, we motivate everyone to make lifestyle moderations, consume a healthy diet and exercise regularly for at least 150 minutes each week in people who have prediabetes to lower the risk of heart attacks."
Study data on Prediabetes and Heart Attack
In the study, the researchers studied data from 1.79 million hospitalizations of patients who had a heart attack. Out of these people, 1% had prediabetes. After considering other risk factors for heart disease, such as age, race, sex, family history of heart attack, high blood pressure levels, high cholesterol levels, diabetes, smoking, and obesity, prediabetes showed 25% higher risk of a heart attack, as compared to patients without prediabetes.
People in a prediabetic condition also were at a 45% increased risk of having percutaneous intervention (heart treatment to open up blocked blood vessels) and almost double the odds of having a heart bypass surgery. Raj said, "Our study results encourage people to stay aware about the importance of early diagnosis by screening and early intervention of prediabetes and making lifestyle changes and/or taking medications to reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems."
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(With inputs from ANI)