Bone cancer begins when a tumor starts it's formation in the bone. It is usually seen to be started in the longest bone in your hand or leg. As it grows, it begins to destroy normal bone cells and spreads to other parts of your body. Bone cancer is most common in children and young (youth) people.
Common types of bone cancer
- Osteosarcoma is the most common form of bone cancer and usually occurs in people between 10 to 30 years of age. It often begins in the hands, feet, or pelvis.
- Ewing sarcoma is also most likely in children and young people. It often begins in the hands, chest, legs, pelvis, and groin.
- People aged more than 40 are more likely to have chondrosarcoma and it usually starts in the hands, feet, and pelvis.
- Cancer like leukemia starts in the marrow. The marrow is the tissue of our bones. (However, they are not usually seen as bone cancer).
When does bone cancer occur?
If you are suffering from a bone disorder called Paget's disease, then you are more likely to develop one of these cancers. Apart from this, treatment of cancer, more exposure to radiation and consumption of some cancer drugs may make you more likely to develop it. Bone cancer is more common in children and young people because of their developing bones. However, contrasted with it in chondrosarcoma, it goes on increasing with age.
Symptoms of bone cancer
- Pain: This is the first sign. It starts slowly with a slow pain and with time the pain becomes very strong and is incurable. But such pain can be caused by many things besides cancer, such as arthritis. See your doctor find out what is causing the pain.
- Broken bone: Tumor can make your bone weak, due to which it breaks easily
- Lump on any of your bones
- Swelling or redness on a bone
- Weight loss without any reason
Method of treatment of bone cancer
If you have a tumor, your doctor may recommend an x-ray or imaging test to see it.
Your doctor uses a special camera to take pictures of your bones by inserting radioactive material into a small artery in your arm.
Computerized tomography (CT) scan
If the tumor is spreading, X-rays taken from different angles are put together to show its size and shape.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan
Magnets and radio waves are used to depict the outline of a tumor.
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
Radiation is used to make 3-D color images for cancer screening in your body.
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