World Asthma Day 2020: World Asthma Day, celebrated on the second Tuesday of May every year, is a campaign which has been planned to make people more conscious of the condition, the dangers it poses and how in the current health climate, with the COVID-19 pandemic, people with asthma need to be more vigilant, maintain social distancing and ensure they have access to their medication. Asthma is a hazardous condition. It results in inflammation which obstructs airways making it difficult to breathe. This can happen because of external and internal factors. When it happens because of external factors regularly, we can assess, identify and demarcate the triggers and comprehend trends in which we can reduce conflicting answers to the same.
Also Read: Control Asthma Before It’s Too Late
Sometimes hypersensitivity and the onset of asthmatic conditions is because of internal factors. Triggers are the key to battling asthma effectively. They can be managed, avoided and dealt within effective manners. Additionally, once aware of the dangers, precautionary measures can be put into place to prevent a full-blown attack. Asthma is often characterized by the heaving of the chest, wheezing, gasping, gulping for air, dry mouth, chapped lips, headaches and blurry vision.
So, what are the triggers, and how can they be identified and dealt with effectively?
Dr Rajesh Kumar Gupta, Additional Director, Pulmonology, Fortis Hospital, NOIDA, shares some asthma triggers.
- Tobacco and smoking- Filled with chemicals, nicotine can result in the inflammation of the lungs and restrict the airways causing the decline in the lung function. It irritates the lungs and causing abrasive inflammation which may even cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Another major cause of asthma is air pollution. Especially in a city like ours where air pollution is so high, the chance of suffering from asthma is very significant. Nebulizer treatment may be needed if breathing becomes severe; it is often accompanied by wheezing and chest heaving. In the house, air pollution can be caused by mosquito coils and combustion of cooking products. Therefore, ensure that you use mosquito repellant creams and keep the exhaust on.
- Dust mites, mould, newly painted houses and pollen are factors which can aggravate an asthmatic condition or set it off completely. They tickle the nose and causing sneezing, which triggers persistent asthma and wheezing. Therefore, cleaning regularly and ensuring that soft toys and bed linen are soaked in hot water and are clean is essential. Additionally, asthmatic patients should avoid strong smells like cold food and beverages, perfumes, and smoke of any kind even during aartis and prayers.
- Pets could produce animal dander and trigger asthma. Therefore, they need to be regularly brushed and kept outdoors where they are free to run about.
- Obesity, rhinitis, rhinosinusitis and stress are internal factors which can cause Asthma. They are associated with low-grade inflammation and oxidative stress, causing a person to have difficulty breathing. Additionally, intake of anti-flu vaccinations is a preventive strategy in fighting asthma exacerbations.
The need to convey to you all is that Asthma is not a condition which should be ignored or not taken seriously. It is dangerous, and in circumstances where immediate aid cannot be provided, it can become fatal.
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