Nosebleeds are quite common are not as serious as they seem. An individual's nose has many blood vessels present in the front and back of the nose. And, they are very weak and delicate so they bleed very easily. And not just adults, nosebleeds can occur in children too. Nosebleeds in kids is also very common and pediatricians deal with several such cases everyday. It mostly happens from the frontal part of the nose and begins bleeding from the nostril. They can make a person feel uncomfortable and afraid too. Parents have to take special care if bleeding occurs from their kid's nose. In this article, you will get to know how to handle such situations. Onlymyhealth editorial team talked to Dr. Charu Kalra, Consultant - Pediatrics, Max Hospital, Noida about the types, causes and ways to treat nosebleed in kids.
Types of nosebleeds
Different nosebleeds are diagnosed in the basis of the site if the bleed. According to Dr. Charu Kalra, the two main types of nosebleeds are:
1. Anterior nosebleed
This is the most common type that we get to see mostly. In this case, the blood comes out from the front of the nose. The capillaries present in the nose break, which leads to bleeding.
2. Posterior nosebleed
A posterior nosebleed is very rare and is not seen in children mostly. In this case, bleeding is mostly caused by a nose injury. This is found in adults and can be due to the blood pressure changes. It occurs in the back part of the nose.
"There are chronic recurrent bleeders too, which means they keep on bleeding at times even with season change or with any change in their diet. There is a tendency of bleeding recurrently,"
Nosebleed can occur without even an underlying medical condition. Here are the most common causes of nosebleeds in kids:
1. Nose picking
Dr. Charu said, "Nose picking is the most common cause of nosebleeds in kids. Ninety nine percent of the children in an OPD or emergency ward come due to nose picking. The reasons behind nose picking are mostly dry mucus."
2. Recurrent allergy
Most of the cases in Delhi are found to be suffering from allergic rhinitis and seasonal allergy. They tend to have cough and cold with every season change. Those kids are very prone to have dry nose and nose picking leading in bleeding becomes common.
3. Blowing nose harshly
Many children tend to blow their nose very harshly and that results in bleeding. This blowing also happens due to a lot of cold and allergy to the dust particles.
How to stop child's nosebleed
• As soon as the nosebleeding starts, the first thing that the family should remember is that don't panic. They should reassure the child that it is fine.
• Make the child lie without a pillow or make him sit on a chair and ask him to bend the face behind. The pinch the nose gently from the soft part of the nose atleast for two minutes continuosly.
• Do not put the head downwards as bleeding can increase due to gravity.
• If bleeding is occuring for the first time then don't rush to emergency, keep your child hydrated and follow the above mentioned instructions.
• Raise your kid's leg a little bit to avoid the risk of hypertension.
These were the types, causes and ways to prevent nosebleeding by Dr. Charu Kalra. You can visit the doctor to know the cause and site of the nosebleed. The ENT/pediatrician will to the tests, treatment and advice the appropriate precautions. It is mostly adviced to control the bleeding at home only, as the situation can get worse on teh way to emergency ward only.
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