Swelling after dental surgery is a very common side effect, which normally subsides with time. Various methods can be used to reduce swelling to increase the chances of healing.
Generally, dental surgery is followed by swelling of gums within 24 hours, which can last up to 7 - 10 days. After dental surgery, comprehensive post-operative care needs to be taken to reduce swelling, pain and any chance of getting infections. One has to understand that anything related to dental needs proper care for which specific tips should be followed for faster recovery.
Swelling after dental surgery can prove to be very painful if proper care is not taken. Here are a few simple ways to reduce swelling and bad breath after dental surgery:
Cold compression is a very effective way to minimise swelling. Wrap a few cubes of ice in a towel and apply it on the swollen area. Do not apply ice directly on the operated area as extreme cold can harm the skin or the mucosal membrane. Duration of 10 minutes between two compressions should be maintained.
Warm Water Bag
48 hrs after the surgery, replace the cold compression with a warm water bag. Wrap a hot water bottle in a towel and apply it on the swollen area. Do not use the compression directly on the operated area as this can burn your skin and the mucosa. A warm compression after a cold compression improves blood circulation in that area, thereby reducing swelling.
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Various antibiotics are used to treat swollen gums. Always take medicines after consulting the doctor as some drugs can have some side effects.
Avoid Solid Food
Avoid eating any solid food soon after the surgery. It is advisable to have soft food or liquid food. You can have soups, yoghurts, milkshakes and mashed potatoes. Avoid any spicy food, hot or cold drinks and even soda as these can cause irritations and itching.
Other points to keep in mind
- Brush your teeth very carefully as a mild bruise can cause severe infection
- Keep your head in an upright position while sleeping
- To reduce the post-operative swelling, rinse your mouth with warm salt water at least 4 times a day. Do not spit and rinse thoroughly
- Rinse your mouth properly after every meal to ensure that no food particle is stuck in the area where teeth are missing
- Avoid smoking, taking alcohol and tobacco as they can cause infection. They can increase the severity of swelling
- Take your medicines on time advised by the doctor
What to eat, what not to eat
- Eat something which is easy to chew
- Do not eat hard substances, go for soft food items
- You can eat ice cream as it is soft as well as cold
- You can mash fruits before eating
- Avoid sticky and chewy food
- You can drink smoothies, they are healthy as well as filling
- Swelling after dental surgery can be reduced by taking proper precautions. These methods can prove beneficial in minimising the swelling and quickening the healing process.
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