Good Oral Hygiene Practices According to Your Age

Every age group has different dental issues. Oral health should be monitored at every age. Dr. Nidhi who is a Consultant Prothodontist at SPARSH Super Speciality Hospital shares different dental issues which should not be ignored.

Varsha Vats
Written by: Varsha VatsUpdated at: Mar 20, 2019 11:46 IST
Good Oral Hygiene Practices According to Your Age

Every age group has a different set of dental problems, which should be noticed by the parents in palliative patients or by individuals themselves and consulted by the dentists. Every age group should follow a dental care routine. For children, it is very necessary to build healthy teeth for a lifetime whereas for adults it is necessary to maintain healthy teeth. Apart from healthy oral practices, one must also monitor his or her calcium intake for proper development of teeth and bones. Here are some dental issues according to age that should be monitored carefully.

Pediatric Oral Care:

  • There are some commonly seen problems, which should be identified by parents and consulted by periodontics: 
  • Soft and Hard deposits on teeth
  • Decay / Cavities (Blackish discolouration with destruction of tooth enamel and layer it unless it)
  • Alignment of teeth
  • Retained milk teeth (eruption of permanent the in presence of its primary counterpart)
  • Pre-mature loss of milk teeth due to decay

Oral Care Issues in Adults:

  • Deposits on teeth (hard and soft)
  • Hypersensitivity of teeth
  • Proximal contact relationship (Gaps between teeth, improper contact between teeth)
  • Decay of teeth
  • Misaligned teeth
  • Tooth mobility
  • Worn out teeth (Generally seen after 4th decade of life where teeth lose the outside enamel and look more yellowish, flat edges and surfaces and hypersensitive)
  • Hyperpigmented gums
  • Swollen Gums
  • Malodour from mouth

Geriatric Oral Care/ Elderly Patients:

  • A decrease in the flow of saliva or dryness of mouth
  • Burning mouth (more commonly seen in females)
  • Inability to apply chewing force while eating
  • Pain in jaw joints after loss of teeth
  • Denture related problems

How to maintain basic oral hygiene ?


  • Brushing teeth twice daily with toothbrush and toothpaste in vertical strokes
  • Flossing the teeth to clean interdental contact areas
  • Cleaning the tongue with a tongue cleaner or toothbrush
  • Regular visit to dentists for check-up (Every 6 Months)


  • Smoking
  • Tobacco chewing
  • Clenching the teeth for long due to stress
  • Vigorous use of toothpicks
  • Sleeping immediately after eating sticky and sweet food items and not cleaning the teeth

Inputs by- Dr. Nidhi ConsultantProthodontist, SPARSH Super Speciality Hospital

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