Hemophilia is an inherited bleeding and blood disorder. Clotting factors are needed for the blood to clot in the spot. However, children who suffer from hemophilia cannot stop bleeding because they don’t suffice enough clotting factor in their blood since these blood clots caters to prevent excessive bleeding.
There are several blood clotting factors that are involved in the forming of clots to stop from bleeding. The two common factors from the many are that affect blood clotting factor VIII and factor IX. Depending on how severe your child’s hemophilia is totally depends on the level of blood clotting factors in his or her blood.
Forms Of Hemophilia
The 3 stringent forms of hemophilia include as the following:
1. Hemophilia A
This is caused due to the lack of the blood clotting factor VIII. It is noted that around 9 out of 10 people with hemophilia have type A disease. This is also referred to as the classic hemophilia or factor VIII deficiency.
2. Hemophilia B
This is caused by the deficiency of factor IX. This is also known as the Christmas disease or factor IX deficiency.
3. Hemophilia C
Some doctors use this term to refer to the lack of clotting factor XI.
Causes Of Hemophilia In Children
If the gene is passed on to a son, he will most definitely suffer from the disease.
If the gene is passed on to a daughter, she will be a carrier of the disease.
If the father of the child suffer from hemophilia but the mother does not carry the hemophilia gene, then none of the sons will have hemophilia disease. However, in the same situation all of the daughters will be carriers.
Symptoms Of Hemophilia
The severity of hemophilia in children totally depends on the amount of clotting factors in the blood. Affected children perhaps may not even be diagnosed of the disease until bleeding complications from a surgery occur. The symptoms of hemophilia may include:
Bruises can occur from even small accidents like falling or bumping into something. This however results in a large build up of blood under the skin causing that area to swell. Mostly, children are diagnosed around the age of 12 to 18 months.
2. Easy Bleeding
There is a likelihood for the child to bleed from the nose, mouth, and gums with minor injury. Bleeding while brushing teeth or during some dental work often suggests the signals of hemophilia.
3. Bleeding into a joint or muscles
Hemarthrosis or in simpler terms, bleeding into a joint can cause severe pain, immobility, and deformity if not treated well. This is the most common sign of complications due to the hemophilia bleeding. These joint bleeds can lead to chronic, painful, arthritis, deformity, and crippling with repeated occurrences in the concerned child. Bleeding into the muscles can cause swelling and unbearable pain.
4. Bleeding in the brain from injury
Bleeding from injury, or sheer suddenness in the brain or around the head, is the most common cause of death in children with hemophilia. It is the most serious bleeding complication. Bleeding in or around the brain can occur from even a small bump on the head or a mere fall. Small bleeds in the brain leads to temporary or permanent blindness, intellectual disability, and/or several kinds of neurological deficits. In some cases, it can even lead to death if not diagnosed or treated properly.