Female reproductive system is essential for sustaining human race. Moreover, many women feel motherhood makes her complete. Being better informed on female reproductive health will help in understanding the care that is needed for a woman.
We know that all living things reproduce and this is something that makes us different from nonliving matter. By reproduction living beings make more like themselves. The body of a woman is one of nature’s most magnificent creations. The human race is sustained because of it.
A woman passes through many stages in her life- childhood, puberty, matrimony, pregnancy, childbirth, and motherhood. Many women feel motherhood makes her complete. For a woman her reproductive health is just as essential as other facets of her health. If you know your reproductive system it can help you to understand just how sensitive reproductive organs are, how they make you what you are and how you can keep them healthy.
Female reproductive system has
- External genital organs and
- Internal reproductive organs
The external reproductive organs: The external reproductive organs include;
- Mons pubis
- Labia majora and labia minora
- Urethral opening
Vulva: Covers the vaginal aperture and other reproductive organs that are located inside your body.
Mons pubis: Mons pubis is the fleshy area located just above the vaginal opening.
Labia majora and labia minora: These are two pair of skin flaps that surround the vaginal opening. It protects the clitoris and the vaginal opening. After puberty the outer labia and the mons pubis get covered by pubic hair.
Clitoris: It is a small sensory organ situated in front of the vulva where the labial folds join. It is an organ that most involved in sexual pleasure in women.
Urethral opening: It is the opening located in between the clitoris and the Vagina. A woman urinates through it.
Internal reproductive organs
Vagina: It is a part of the internal reproductive organ that extends from the vaginal opening to the Uterus. The vagina is a fibromuscular hollow and distensible tube. The mucous membrane of the vagina protects and keeps it moist.
The important functions of vagina are:
- Provides an outlet for menstrual blood.
- Facilitates sexual intercourse
- Helps in sperm function (by capacitation of sperm)
- Acidic vaginal secretions help to prevent infection.
- Forms the birth canal or pathway for the baby to come out
Hymen: This is a thin sheet of tissue with a hole in it that partially covers the vaginal opening. Hymen generally bleeds when it tears. It can get torn during sexual intercourse or certain activities such as horse riding, cycling.
Cervix: The lower portion of the Uterus which opens into the Vagina is called cervix. The Sperms after sexual intercourse must pass through it in order to reach the egg (ova).
During delivery the cervix dilates and lets the baby enter the vagina.
Uterus: Uterus or the womb has the shape of an upside-down pear. It has muscular walls and a thick inner lining called the endometrium. The egg after fertilization implants itself in the uterus and the fetus develops in it throughout the pregnancy.
Fallopian tubes: The fallopian tubes are attached to the side of the uterus. There are two fallopian tubes one on each side. It has 20–25 finger-like structures (fimbriae) at it’s end that are over the ovary. The fimbriae help to collect the mature egg when it is released from the ovary. The egg--- after it enters the tube may be fertilized in it.
Ovaries: Ovaries in women produce eggs. They are small, almond-shaped glands one on each side of the uterus. The sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced in it. Usually one egg is released from the ovary after about every 28 days.
The breast: The female breasts secretes milk after the baby is born, but stimulation of the breasts increases sexual pleasure of a woman
Functions of female reproductive system
- It makes eggs and sustains the female sex cells (called egg or ova).
- The fertilized egg is implanted in the walls of the uterus, which initiates pregnancy and provides a favorable environment for the fetus (unborn baby)
- Produces female sex hormones that help in reproductive cycle.
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