Have you ever experienced pain in the uterus? Well if you often tend to ignore this problem thinking that it will go away on its own then you must know that it can be due to endometriosis. Where endometriosis is a painful disorder that happens due to the abnormal growth of tissues that are similar to the ones inside the uterus. This growth is said to be abnormal as these tissues tend to grow outside of the uterus and lead to unbearable pain. Where it is not just uterus but ovaries also have a major role to play in this condition. Let us take a deep dive into this article and learn about what endometriosis is along with its symptoms, causes and treatment from Dr. Surakshith Battina, Fertility Expert, Endoscopic surgeon, Cosmetic Gynecologist.
What is endometriosis?
There are several conditions and disorders that a person with uterus a.k.a women go through. Out of these complications, conditions and disorders endometriosis is something due to which a person experiences unbearable pain. As tissues similar to the uterus lining start growing outside the uterus. This condition mostly involves reproductive organs such as fallopian tubes, ovaries and tissue lining of the pelvis. In some rare cases this tissue lining can be found to be beyond the pelvic region.
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Here’s what Dr. Surakshith Battina has to say about this- “Endometriosis is a very painful condition where the endometrio or the inner lining of the uterus tends to grow outside the uterus. Mostly this condition involves organs such as the ovaries. The exact reason for why the endometriosis occurs is still unknown but there are a lot of theories that float around. The endometrium present inside the uterus moves through the fallopian tubes and comes out and deposits everywhere else. Depending upon how much endometriosis is present, this condition can be graded from grade 1 to grade 4. Women with endometriosis experience severe pain and cramps during the menstrual period. They feel a pain during a sexual intercourse and some of them might also suffer infertility”
Causes of endometriosis
As by now we know about what the condition of endometriosis is, let us take a quick look at the causes of this disorder-
- Embryonic cell transformation
- Retrograde Menstruation
- Surgical scar implantation
- Immune system disorder
- Transformation of peritoneal cell
- Endometrial cell transplant
Symptoms of endometriosis
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It is important to know about the symptoms of a problem and look for them at an early stage in order to get timely treatment. A timely treatment can help a person in avoiding complications and pain caused due to it. Look out for these symptoms if you think that you might be experiencing this disorder-
- Painful sex
- Unbearable period cramps
- Pain while urinating
- Excessive bleeding
- Nausea and vomiting
Treatment & Diagnosis for endometriosis
As the medical sciences has seen so many advancements in recent times, it has got a solution for almost every disorder.
Also Read: When Is Hysterectomy or Uterus Removal Surgery Performed?
Where the same emplies on endometriosis. According to Dr. Surakshith Battina the management of this disorder depends upon whether the person is going through pain or is experiencing infertility. If a person is going through severe pain then the only way to treat it is by removing and clearing out the endometriosis. If the patient is going through infertility then there are various options available from ivf to surgical intervention. Some of the diagnosis or examination methods that your doctor might use to detect endometriosis are-
- Pelvic exam
Where the condition of endometriosis is quite serious and can cause a lot of complications, it is important to look out for its treatment and seek treatment at an early stage. An early treatment can help you in avoiding the further complications of this condition and hence save you from the trouble and pain.
This article is based upon a post by Dr. Surakshith Battina, Fertility Expert, Endoscopic surgeon, Cosmetic Gynecologist on his instagram handle.