4 Things That Happen In Your Body When You Smoke

If you smoke, read this article to understand how smoking affects different parts of the body.

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Mar 28, 2022Updated at: Mar 28, 2022
4 Things That Happen In Your Body When You Smoke

‘Smoking is injurious to health’ this is known to one and all. This habit mainly impacts your lungs increasing the risk of breathing discomfort, tuberculosis and lung cancer. But smoking affects the entire body differently and not just lungs. Any form of tobacco and related products are catastrophic for health and despite knowing its ill-effects, people still choose them. This is causing a massive illness record among adults of all age groups. Smoking is fatal as it targets your whole body if you don’t stop cigarette abuse. We reached out to Dr. Prashant Chhajed, Director-Pulmonology and Sleep Centre, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi to understand what happens inside the body when a person smoke. Scroll down to read doctor’s observations. 

How smoking affects brain?

While we all know the damaging effects of smoking on lungs, most people do not know that smoking affects brain also. Your central nervous system gets hampered as it is controlled by your brain. Tobacco and nicotine obstructs neurotransmitters that alerts brain by sending signals. Nicotine imitates acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter found in the brain. This increases neurotransmission hampering the natural phenomenon. When you don’t smoke, these slow down and abruptly increase during smoking.

Over time, your brain would get used to higher neurotransmission as it releases dopamine that makes you feel good. This phenomenon leads to nicotine tolerance that causes addiction to nicotine. When you quit smoking after a long time, your cognitive functions also compromise causing anxiety, depression, irritation, loss of concentration, poor focus, etc. issues.

Also Read: Here Is How Smoking Affects Menstrual Functions of Women

Effect of smoking on different body systems

How smoking affects heart?

The second vital organ that gets affected by smoking is your heart. Expect to witness cardiovascular or heart problems when you smoke and after the withdrawal as well. The whole cardiovascular system gets damaged due to smoking. When nicotine enters the body, it constricts the blood vessels thereby restricting blood flow. In the long run, this gradually tightens blood vessels that increases risk of peripheral artery disease. Chainsmokers are at a greater risk of blood clotting and blood pressure problem which may escalate to stroke and heart attack. People who have already gotten a heart attack are at a higher risk of losing their lives due to a cardiovascular disease.

On the other hand, people around you who are exposed to smoking are also highly likely to develop cardiovascular issues because of inhaling nicotine particles through fumes. Thus, you must quit smoking to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.

Also Read: Tips For Youth To Avoid Smoking And Nicotine Addiction


Smoking and dental health

Even though there is no direct exposure of smoking to your teeth, it can still cause a lot of damage to your dental health. It is seen that people who smoke get periodontitis which is a group of inflammatory oral disease. Over time, nicotine and tobacco damage your teeth and gums increasing the risk of periodontal diseases. If you follow good oral hygiene practices, this can be prevented but why take the risk. Treat the cause instead of taking precautions.

Effect of smoking on dental health

Smoking affects digestive system

Yes, your digestive system can get affected by smoking! Many people do not know this but smoking does impact your digestive abilities making you susceptible to digestive problems. As you smoke, the nicotine and tobacco enters your body through your mouth, esophagus, throat and eventually your stomach. Constipation, indigestion, gastric problems, loss of appetite are some of the digestive complications that smokers experience. They may also develop diabetes due to insulin resistance that the body develops over time. 

Apart from the above-mentioned issues, there is an array of health problems that are caused due to smoking in any form. Your entire body undergoes change during smoking and gradually gets used to nicotine. This is why quitting smoking is harder than starting it. In a nutshell, quit smoking and keep your body healthy.

Image credits- freepik

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