Infections are increasing every day and different types of viral problems are building on. Bats have created a big impact on our lives with corona virus, but what if I tell you there is another infection which is caused by bats. Darling disease is one such condition in which the person is infected because of getting contaminated with bat or birds droppings. This is usually through soil contamination and has very few cases till yet. But this disease could create severe infection and complications that could create problems. This could be more serious towards children and hence it is important to know about this disease. Therefore today we will discuss about darling disease, its symptoms, causes and risk factors.
What is Darling Disease?
Darling disease is also known as histoplasmosis, it is an infection caused by birds and bat’s droppings. We consulted Dr. Ramesh Chakraborty, Consultant and Pulmonologist in Action Medical Institute, New Delhi. He told us that histoplasmosis is a rare disease which occurs in humans very less. It is caused because of soil contamination that happens because of bat droppings or bird dropping. Mostly urban population is at higher risk for this infection because they get in contact with soil more often. Also children of farmers and labours get darling disease and it could be severe in those cases. Unfortunately, people with this disease do not get evident symptoms because of which risk of complications increases.
Symptoms of Histoplasmosis
There are several symptoms of darling disease that you must be aware of. Mild infection from this infection does not cause any symptoms. Symptoms usually occur in the later stages when the infection increases and starts to cause complications. Even then the symptoms are very common and can be mistaken for casual problems. Here are symptoms that usually occur after 15-17 days of exposure from infection-
- Dry cough
- Discomfort in chest
- Muscle aches
This disease gets severe in after 15 days of infection and people has rashes, joint pain and lung problems during this infection. Histoplasmosis may also affect your weight is several cases and could lead to tuberculosis in severe cases of histoplasmosis. Signs of severe darling disease also include having blood cough from time to time which can be problematic. Those people getting infected with severe infection could affect any part of their body. In most cases mouth, liver, central nervous system and skin are affected. If this is not treated on time, then results could be fatal.
What Causes Darling Disease?
This condition could occur because of bat dropping or bird dropping in general. Histoplasmosis is caused because of reproductive cells of the fungus. When these particles float in the air or get mixed up in the dirt, then it could cause darling disease. The fungus occurs and spreads in the damp soil more often, in this condition; the organic materials blend with the dropping and then infect people coming in contact with them. Histoplasmosis is not contagious; therefore it cannot spread from one person to another. If you have had this infection before, then it could cause mild illness if it infects you second time.
Risk factors of Histoplasmosis
People at higher risk of this disease are as follows-
- People working in pest control
- Poultry farmers of keepers
- Construction workers
- Cave explorer
- Gardeners or labours
Children younger than 2 years of age and those people above 55 years of age poses higher risk of falling for this darling disease. This could also develop into disseminated histoplasmosis that can get worse with immune system infections.
Complications of Histoplasmosis
This condition could increase with number of severe cases and certain complications. If you are susceptible to some diseases, then the chances of complications for darling disease increase. Immune system of older adults get weak therefore they are at higher risk of complications. We have some condition because of which complications could occur with histoplasmosis.
1. Acute respiratory distress syndrome- It could damage your lungs even more if you already have ARDS. This is because it makes the air sacs filled with fluids that prevent exchange of oxygen in the blood.
2. Heart problems- If you are already going through some heart diseases of issues, then the inflammation could increase. As a result of increased inflammation, it can interfere with your hearts ability to pump blood which could cause life-threatening complications.
3. Adrenal Insufficiency- Histoplasmosis could affect your adrenal glands and therefore it could also affect ability to produce those hormones in the body. This can create adrenal insufficiency which can create serious complications.
4. Meningitis- In some cases of histoplasmosis, it could lead the person to inflammation in brain membranes and could also affect spinal cord of the person. As a result of this condition, it could have life-threatening complications.
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