Women often experience a variety of physical and emotional changes during their menstrual cycle, including changes in their skin. One common symptom that many women experience before their period is the breakout of pimples or acne. This condition, known as premenstrual acne, is caused by hormonal fluctuations that occur during the menstrual cycle
Causes Of Breakouts Before Periods
Here are a few reasons why you experience pimples right before your periods:
1. Hormonal Imbalances
The primary hormone responsible for premenstrual acne is androgen. Androgen is a hormone that is present in both men and women, but is present in higher levels in men. In women, androgen is converted into oestrogen and progesterone in the ovaries. During the menstrual cycle, the levels of oestrogen and progesterone fluctuate, which can cause an increase in androgen levels. This increase in androgen can lead to an increase in the production of sebum, an oily substance that is produced by the sebaceous glands. Sebum can clog the pores on the skin, leading to the development of pimples and acne.
2. Increase in Inflammation
Another factor that can contribute to premenstrual acne is an increase in inflammation. Inflammation is a natural response of the body to injury or infection, but it can also be caused by hormonal fluctuations. When the levels of oestrogen and progesterone fluctuate, they can cause an increase in inflammation, which can lead to an increase in the production of sebum and the development of pimples and acne.
Stress can also play a role in premenstrual acne. Stress can cause an increase in the levels of the hormone cortisol, which can lead to an increase in inflammation and the development of pimples and acne. Stress can also cause changes in the immune system, which can make the skin more susceptible to the development of pimples and acne.
There are several ways to treat premenstrual acne. One of the most effective ways is to use topical medications, such as salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, which can help unclog pores and reduce the production of sebum. Oral contraceptives can also be effective in treating premenstrual acne, as they can help regulate the levels of oestrogen and progesterone. Other treatments include using tea tree oil, and using a gentle skincare routine with non-comedogenic products.
In conclusion, premenstrual acne is a common condition that affects many women. It is caused by hormonal fluctuations that occur during the menstrual cycle, as well as an increase in inflammation and stress. While it can be frustrating and embarrassing, there are effective ways to treat it. Women should consult with their healthcare provider to find the best treatment plan. It's important to remember that every woman's body is unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. But with the right treatment, women can achieve clear, healthy skin and feel more confident during their menstrual cycle.