Borderline Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, & More

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a serious mental health condition characterised by unstable emotions, self-image, and relationships.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaUpdated at: Jan 17, 2023 15:11 IST
Borderline Personality Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, & More

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a mental health condition characterised by a pattern of unstable emotions, self-image, and relationships. Individuals with BPD may experience intense emotions and mood swings, impulsive behaviour, and difficulty in maintaining stable relationships. The cause of BPD is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors.

Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder

Symptoms of BPD include:

  • Intense and unstable emotions and mood swings
  • Impulsive and reckless behaviour
  • Distorted self-image and chronic feelings of emptiness
  • Difficulty in maintaining stable relationships
  • Fear of abandonment and intense relationships
  • Self-harm or suicidal behavior
  • Chronic feelings of boredom or uncertainty
  • Anger and irritability
Symptoms Causes Diagnosis And Treatment Of Borderline Personality Disorder

Causes of Borderline Personality Disorder

The cause of BPD is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Studies have shown that individuals with BPD have structural and functional changes in the brain, specifically in the areas responsible for regulating emotions and impulse control. Trauma and abuse, especially during childhood, can also play a role in the development of BPD.

How is borderline personality disorder diagnosed?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is typically diagnosed by a mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, who conducts a comprehensive assessment that includes a clinical interview and the use of diagnostic criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The diagnosis of BPD is based on a pattern of symptoms, including impulsivity, unstable relationships, intense fear of abandonment, distorted sense of self, and intense mood swings. A diagnosis of BPD also requires that these symptoms are not better explained by another mental health condition, such as bipolar disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder.

Symptoms Causes Diagnosis And Treatment Of Borderline Personality Disorder

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Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder

Treatment for BPD typically involves a combination of therapy and medication. The most common forms of therapy for BPD are dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). DBT is a form of therapy that focuses on teaching individuals with BPD to manage their emotions and improve their relationships. CBT is a form of therapy that helps individuals with BPD to change their negative patterns of thinking and behaviour. Medications, such as antidepressants, mood stabilisers, and antipsychotics, may also be prescribed to help manage symptoms of BPD.

In conclusion, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a serious mental health condition characterised by unstable emotions, self-image, and relationships. It can be treated with a combination of therapy and medication. It is important to seek professional help if you suspect that you or a loved one may be suffering from BPD. With the right treatment, individuals with BPD can lead fulfilling and successful lives.

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