Doctor Verified

Expert Explains Causes, Effects & Tips For Anger Management

 Anger is a common emotion experienced by everyone, however, in some people, it has adverse effects. 

Sushmita Sharma
Written by: Sushmita SharmaUpdated at: Jan 01, 2023 17:00 IST
Expert Explains Causes, Effects & Tips For Anger Management

Anger is a powerful emotion that can harm you and the people close to you if not handled well. It can have adverse effects on your body and even lead to anxiety, high blood pressure, or depression. Read this article to know what our expert Dr. CS Sharma, HOD, Department of Psychiatry, STNM Hospital has to tell about the causes, effects and tips for anger management.

Causes Of Anger

Anyone can get angry at any time, depending upon the cause of their anger. You can get angry due to stress, unfair treatment, embarrassment, frustration, family, friends and relationship problems, and many more.

Impact Of Anger On Your Health

Mental Health

Dr. Sharma stated that anger can be positive or negative depending upon the way it is addressed. When used well, anger can motivate you and help you achieve something. Our brains are primed for faster reactions when we are angry. For instance, you tend to act faster when there is danger or a social threat that triggers an angry state. You are more likely to make a wrong judgement, speak ill or involve in a physical fight in your angry state of mind. 

Alsor Read: How To Deal With Anger In Kids? Here Are Some Tips For Anger Management

Bad For Your Heart

Anger can harm your heart health as it increases your heart rate and blood pressure. It also increases the chances of having a heart attack. Anger triggers your body’s 'flight or fight' response that causes stress hormones to speed up your heart rate and breathing. 

Poor Immune System

People who are frequently angry are also often unwell. The number of natural killer cells decreases, and the number of virus-infected cells increases in the body. Experiencing anger or sad feelings repeatedly can increase inflammation, which increases the risk of ailments like arthritis. Anger can also increase the chances of gastrointestinal discomfort and loss of appetite.


If you are angry too often, your lungs may age faster. Chronic anger, along with hostile behaviour, can worsen your lung capacity and increase the chances of respiratory problems. 

In addition, anger causes headaches and migraines and decreases your metabolism. Anger can also worsen your anxiety problems and can be linked to depression.

Do You Have Anger Issues?

  • If you experience the following emotions often you might have anger issues:
  • You frequently feel angry.
  • You are out of control when angry.
  • Your anger has a negative impact on your relationships and is hurtful to others.
  • You take wrong actions or decisions when angry and then later regret them.

How To Manage Anger Effectively

1. Relaxation

Deep breathing, relaxing imagery or repeating calming words or phrases can help you calm your anger.

2. Exercise

Exercising can help in reducing the stress that can be a trigger for your anger. You can go for a walk or a run when your anger rises or engage in a physical activity that you enjoy.

3. Communicate

When you are involved in a heated discussion, you will likely say things that can hurt the other person. You need to slow down, collect your thoughts and think before speaking anything. You can state your emotions once you are calm.

4. Seek Help

You can always seek help for your anger issues if it is uncontrollable and makes you do things that you most regret.

5. Try to understand the reason and triggers for your anger.

6. If you face anger issues frequently, consider counselling or group therapy sessions. 


It is common for anyone to get angry, however, managing it well is crucial. Chronic anger can cause many health problems and ruin your personal life. 

Take preventative measures and follow tips to control your anger. Seek help from your doctor if your rage is uncontrollable and adversely affects your life.