Asperger's Syndrome Vs Autism: Know The Difference And Symptoms Of Both Conditions

Asperger's syndrome and autism are two similar conditions that could affect your neurodevelopment. Read to know the difference between these condition

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Apr 21, 2022Updated at: Apr 21, 2022
Asperger's Syndrome Vs Autism: Know The Difference And Symptoms Of Both Conditions

Obstacle in development of children is something no one wants. However, there are couple of health conditions that might cause developmental conditions and affect your health. Autism and Asperger's syndrome might look very related but are little different conditions from each other. Interestingly, these two were merged in 2013 and named as autism spectrum disorder.  Both of these conditions can affect a person’s behavior, social interactions and relationships. Today, let us look at the differences in symptoms, effects and living conditions of these two mental health disorders. We took help from Clinical Psychologist, Dr. Tanu Chowdhury from Healthcare Clinic for expert help.  

What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? 

Autism spectrum disorder is a group of neurodevelopmental condition that could lead to challenges in the social system. It could affect you when you interact in social gatherings, communicate or behave in a certain way. Depending on every individual, the severity or characteristics can vary. One person can experience symptoms of autism in a different way than the other people. You can determine autism spectrum disorder by the following symptoms. 


Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder 

There are several characteristics and symptoms that could determine that a person or child has ASD- 

  • Having difficulty with everyday conversation 
  • Less or no interest in sharing emotions or interest with other people 
  • Delayed speech or language skills 
  • Not able to understand others facial expressions or emotions 
  • Becoming intensely interested in certain types of topics 
  • Forming repetitive action such as hand flapping or rocking 
  • Not able to understand or grab social cues 
  • Has trouble developing or understanding relationships 
  • Become overwhelmed or angry in situations easily 
  • Speaking in atypical ways 
  • Getting triggered or being sensitive to certain stimulants. 
  • Experiencing intellectual delay 

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What is Asperger’s Syndrome? 

Asperger's syndrome first appeared in 1994. At that time, it was different from autism, and the diagnosis was also different. Many people with Asperger's syndrome had no difficulties with language or cognitive thinking. But they faced trouble when they were told to interact with social people. This syndrome seems to be less dangerous and vulnerable, also people with this syndrome can live their life in a better way.  

How to diagnose Asperger's syndrome? 

A person having characteristics of Asperger's syndrome can receive diagnosis of ASD. Here is the criteria through which you could diagnose ASD symptoms

  • Serious trouble while socially interacting. 
  • Having repetitive patterns of behavior 
  • Becoming passionate or interested in only few topics 


The criteria also noted that a person with Asperger's syndrome can have “neurotypical” intelligence and language development. It is similar to someone else having any type of developmental condition. 

Asperger’s Syndrome Vs Autism: What is the Difference? 

Asperger's syndrome and autism are no longer considered very different conditions. Autism spectrum disease Is the combined name of the group of condition that have neurological developmental issues. A person who has been diagnosed with Asperger syndrome in the past may now even be diagnosed for ASD.  

Many people with Asperger syndrome diagnosis consider this to be a part of their identity. If there is any significant disability, then it could be symptoms of autism. Having exposure syndrome could be less bad and therefore the person getting infected with disease might want to remove ableist stigma. 

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The diagnosis of people who were recognized to be under Asperger syndrome have neurotypical language development and intelligence problems. In some cases, an autistic person may also have neurotypical intelligence or experience significant intellectual days. 

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