Do you have respiratory issues? You may get aid from chest physiotherapy. This is a clinical therapy that involves a set of respiratory exercises and physical techniques to improve lung functions and make breathing easy for the patients. Chest physiotherapy or CPT or Chest PT is also a proven treatment option for the patients of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and cystic fibrosis. This technique works by expanding the lungs, strengthening the muscle that aids breathing, and improving the elimination of thick secretions of the lungs by loosening the muscles. This is a great aid especially for immobile lung patients and those about to undergo lung surgery as CPT prevents pneumonia in such cases. Get more details about this therapy in this article.
Who Can Opt For Chest Physiotherapy?
Basically, this technique is for people who lung issues due to which the organ is unable to release thick lung secretions. This therapy is beneficial for the ailing patients of the following diseases:
Lung Infections: An infection in the lung which may trigger bronchitis or pneumonia.
Atelectasis: A condition where either a few or all of the lung tissues are damaged.
Bronchiectasis: A condition where the lung airways have are either broadened or damaged.
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease): This is a severe lung ailment which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema like problems.
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Cystic fibrosis: A condition which leads to the build-up of thick mucus in the lungs as well as other organs.
Immobility: Patients with an acute lung issue but are immobile.
Surgery: Patients who undergo lung removal surgery and suffer from breathing issues can get benefited from this therapy.
Types of Chest Physiotherapy
There are different types of physiotherapy exercises performed collectively in chest physiotherapy. These are:
Vibration and chest percussion: The chest or vest of the patient is vibrated with the help of a machine to loosen lung secretions and ease the process. These CPT vests are also called airways cleansing system which is medical equipment specially designed for chest physiotherapy.
Coughing techniques: These controlled techniques help you to cough up the lung secretions or the therapist suction it out. The coughs are gentle and done with a grunting sound. Well, either way, you’ll get relief.
Deep breathing exercises: For better breathing, it is important that you get sufficient air in your lungs. These exercises allow lung expansion to intake more air in the lungs and ensure that it reaches to all the areas of the lungs.
Incentive spirometry: Helps in strengthening inhaling with the help of a device. This device can also be used in re-expansion of lungs post surgery to prevent pneumonia.
Positioning: This technique is for patients who are either hospitalized or bedridden. Turning them from side to side expands their lungs to allow lung secretion draining.
Chest physiotherapy should only be performed by a trained therapist or caregiver. People must not try this at home or without any medical supervision as it may put your health and your life in danger. Be careful. Always suggest a physiotherapist for any guidance.
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