World Asthma Day 2022: Everything You Should Know About Adult-Onset Asthma

Adult-Onset asthma occurs to people in their adulthood, this might be more exhausting and challenging situation, read to know details. 

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Apr 29, 2022Updated at: Apr 29, 2022
World Asthma Day 2022: Everything You Should Know About Adult-Onset Asthma

World Asthma Day is observed every 3rd May to spread awareness about this common lung disease that affects thousands of people worldwide. Be it your work space, school or locality, you will definitely find a person who has got asthma. Asthma is also of various types, most of the people get mild to moderate asthma whereas some have severe complications that make them bed ridden in times. It is usually believed that asthma is diagnosed at young age or childhood, but it can also happen in the adulthood. Today we will talk about asthma that occurs to adult, know its symptoms and causes behind lung disease. 

What is Adult-Onset Asthma? 

Asthma is a chronic lung disease the leads to difficulty in breathing. We spoke to Dr. Sumeet Nigam, General Physician at Sahara Hospital, Lucknow to know about asthma condition in adults. He explains that asthma can occur at any age, or in any person. It happens to males and females in similar ratio. As the person grows older, then the chances of inflammation increases. It could also happen because of increased mucus production in the air passage that results to breathing difficulties. In adults, asthma could be particularly challenging because other restrictions on diet, underlying health condition might also follow. 


Causes of Adult-Onset Asthma 

It is hard to tell why asthma develops in adults. But there are certain possible factors that could expose a person towards adult-onset asthma. Asthma can develop in two adults because of chemical exposure or irritants in the workplace. It can even happen because of allergies or certain environmental factors that could affect their health. According to some studies, around 1 in 6 cases of adult-onset asthma occur because of occupational exposures. Those substances that cause asthma symptoms are called asthmagens.  

In adults, around 30% of cases of adult asthma is caused because of allergies. There are various allergies that could trigger asthma symptoms in adults. The allergens triggering the situation can be the following- 

  • Cigarette smoke 
  • Chemical fumes and fragrances 
  • Pollens 
  • Dust particles suspended in air 
  • Mold 

Also Read- World Asthma Day 2022: All You Need To Know About Intermittent Asthma

Symptoms of Adult-Onset Asthma 

Symptoms of asthma are similar in childhood and adults as well. In adult-onset asthma, symptoms can include- 

  • Cough that has mucus 
  • Wheezing 
  • Cold that lasts very long 
  • Tightness in the chest or pressure 
  • Shortness of breath 


What's the difference between adult and childhood asthma? 

There are several similarities with asthma in childhood and in adults. Most of the symptoms of adult-onset asthma is common with normal asthma. In fact, treatment options of adult also remain same. Symptoms might vary in both adult and childhood asthma. However, there are some differences too. 

In majority of cases, last thermal dentist developed in childhood based usually coming and going at continuous intervals. Asthma attacks also happen once in a while when you have childhood asthma. But that is not the case of adult-onset asthma. Symptoms of this type of asthma are more likely to be persistent and are evident in everyday life.

Also Read- Zinc And Allergies: How Can Zinc Reduce Allergies?

Adults with more developed asthma and the later stages are more likely to have stronger decline in lung heath function. People who are in their middle age might have stiffening of chest, hence can make it difficult to treat those patients. Adults in this condition are also at higher risk of death due to asthma. The reason for this is not known, but symptoms of adult-onset asthma are more dangerous and life-threatening than children diagnosed with asthma.

Picture Credits-