There are many causes of dementia – some can be reversed with treatment but most cannot be. The doctor will rule out treatable causes of dementia, but if it cannot be reversed, the aim of treatment is to make life as easy as possible for the concerned person and the caregivers.
Initial treatment: If dementia is caused by a condition which can be reversed, the doctor will prescribe treatment. Treatments for some of reversible dementia include:
After treatment of any reversible cause of dementia, the doctor will recommend regular follow-up to make sure the symptoms do not return.
Medications: There is no cure for many causes of dementia, but medications may help to improve mental function, mood, or behaviour. Some of the medicines that may be prescribed include:
When treating dementia, the doctor aims to keep the person safely at home for as long as possible, and guide the caregivers to make life easier and more comfortable. The doctor will work with the concerned person and the family (caregivers) to improve and maintain mental function as much as possible.
Treatment if the condition gets worse
With progress, dementia considerably impairs memory, judgment, and the ability to make and carry out plans (executive function). If caring at home becomes difficult because of person's behaviour or other problems, care can be considered in a facility that has a dementia unit.
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