Mosquito-borne illnesses are highly prevalent during the monsoon season. Malaria, dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever are the common names that you’d hear in the season. Infectious mosquitoes breeding in stagnant water bite a healthy person and infect him/her of the disease. Even though all of these are mosquito-borne diseases, the infections are carried out by different mosquitoes. This is one of the major differences between malaria and yellow fever while the symptoms are mostly the same. Many people often confuse between malaria and yellow fever, this article distinguishes these two diseases.
Both are spread through mosquito bites. While malaria is spread when Anopheles mosquito bites a person, yellow fever is caused when Aedes mosquito bites a person. It is also said that mosquitoes bite people with specific blood group.
The Difference Between Malaria and Yellow Fever Based On Symptoms
These diseases are though common but can turn life-threatening if not addressed on time. Many people show either show very few symptoms or no symptoms at all. This makes their diagnosis and treatment difficult. The condition can worsen leading to hospitalisation. Thus, identifying symptoms at the initial stage is very important.
It usually takes 10-15 days for symptoms to show after the mosquito bite. These include:
- Body ache
As time passes, the symptoms of malaria in children worsen causing critical conditions like neurologic issues, acute respiratory syndrome, hypoglycemia and acute kidney failure. In some cases, malaria also causes hemoglobinuria which is a chronic condition that damages red blood cells.
Symptoms of Yellow Fever
The initial symptoms of yellow fever are similar to malaria. Fever, nausea, body ache, headache, chills, fatigue, weakness, etc. While initial symptoms subside, fatigue and weakness may be there for months even after recovery.
If not attended on time, severe symptoms such as persistent high fever, bleeding, jaundice and organ failure may be caused. Never leave the home without applying mosquito repellent cream.
How are malaria and yellow fever diagnosed?
All mosquito-borne illnesses including yellow fever and malaria are diagnosed through blood tests. After looking at the symptoms, the doctor would prescribe a blood test. The treatment is given after receiving the results of blood tests.
Are these diseases treatable?
It is said that malaria is treatable but there is no treatment available for yellow fever yet. The person is hospitalised after diagnosis. Prevention is the best cure. Yellow fever can be prevented if the person has received a vaccination. It offers lifelong immunisation. Also, those who recovery from yellow fever develop immunity against the infection.
But there is no vaccine for malaria yet which makes it difficult to prevent let alone cure. Also, a person who has recovered from malaria can get this infection again. Thus, you must stay safe from mosquito bites especially during the monsoon season. Use natural mosquito repellents.
- To keep yourself safe from these diseases, practice these:
- Use mosquito repellents when going out.
- Place mosquito-repelling plants at the entry points of the house.
- Prevent water accumulation on the premises.
- Disinfect the house frequently.
By taking all these measures, you can mark yourself safe in this mosquito season. Stay preventive, stay healthy.
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