What are the causes of acquired cystic kidney disease?

By  ,  National Institute of Health
Aug 18, 2015
Quick Bites

  • Condition causes cysts to develop in kidneys.
  • This condition is different from polycystic kidney disease.
  • Chronic kidney disease increases the risk of developing ACKD.
  • The cause of acquired cystic kidney disease is not clear.

A condition in which the kidneys develop fluid-filled sacs called cysts, it is known as acquired cystic kidney disease. This condition is different from polycystic kidney disease, which is another condition that causes kidneys to develop multiple cysts.

ACKD Causes

Who is at risk?

The condition usually occurs in adults and children who suffer from:

Chronic kidney disease: It is a condition that develops over many years and can cause end-stage kidney disease. Individuals who suffer from this condition usually have kidneys which lose their ability to filter wastes, extra salt and fluid from blood properly.

End-stage kidney disease: This condition causes total and permanent kidney failure that demands kidney transplant or blood-filtering treatments usually referred as dialysis.

ACKD Causes

Causes of acquired cystic kidney disease

The cause of development of cyst in acquired cystic kidney disease is yet to be understood fully by the researchers. Development of cyst only in the kidneys and not in other parts of the body indicates that the processes that lead to the formation take place primarily inside the kidneys.

Dialysis filters out many, but not all, of the wastes that healthy kidneys remove. Researchers believe that an unidentified waste product not removed through dialysis causes cysts to form in the kidneys. Dialysis itself does not cause the cysts.


Image source: Getty Images

Read more articles on Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease.

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