Tea is one of the most liked and consumed beverages in the whole world. Be it iced or hot, tea is even s natural solution for many health problems. All the teas such as black tea, white tea, green tea, etc are derived from the Camellia sinensis plant, which is a shrub originally from China and India. It contains important, unique and healthy antioxidants called flavonoids. They also have caffeine and theanine which can have an impact on your brain, making it more active. As per a few studies, some teas may help with cancer, heart disease and diabetes, and can also play a major role in inducing mental alertness.
Mostly, people just stick to two or three teas mainly- black, white or green tea. However, there are many other healthy teas like chamomile, oolong, etc, that can provide a number of health and beauty benefits. Each tea has its own origin, flavour and advantages. According to many researches, tea can contribute towards mood enhancement as well. You can sit back and sip a nice cup of tea if you feel depressed or even sleepy. Onlymyhealth editorial team spoke to Dr. Anjali Phatak, Director Nutripulse and Senior Clinical Nutritionist, Nutripulse, about the different types of teas and their health benefits.
Types of teas and their health benefits
It is best to consume fresh brewed tea instead of bottled tea to avoid the hollow calories and sweeteners. And, you can expand your tea drinking palate and move on to many other popular and delicious teas, instead of just white tea. According to Dr. Anjali, here are 7 types of teas you must try for a healthy body:
1. Black tea
Black tea is prepared using fermented tea leaves and it has the highest amount of caffeine. It is the ground basis for flavored teas like chai and some instant teas as well. Black tea is produced in China, India, Sri Lanka and Nepal. The leaves of black tea are completely oxidized, which is clear from its strong, dark flavor nature. But, the oxidation process reduces black tea’s flavonoid content. Still, this type of tea is full of many beneficial properties.
- Supports heart health
- Protects body against oxidative stress
- Improves metabolism
2. Ginger tea
Ginger is known to be an ingredient that can be extremely helpful in boosting your immunity and making your lungs stronger. You can sip a hot cup of ginger tea daily and enhance your overall health. And, you can also add honey to this hot beverage for taste enhancement and other health benefits. In addition, ginger tea has double the benefits of green tea.
- Boosts immunity
- Opens blocked nose and throat
- Has anti inflammatory properties
3. Green tea
Green tea is made using steamed tea leaves and it also has a high concentration of EGCG. It is known for promoting weight loss. These tea leaves are less oxidized as compared to the other teas, which is clearly indicated from this tea's light colour. Among all the different teas, it has the highest concentration of antioxidants. There are various flavours of green teas and those can range from being nutty to fruity to a little bitter as well.
- Has anticancer properties
- Rich in antioxidants
- Aids weight loss
4. Oolong tea
Oolong tea is the middle phase of the whole process of converting green tea into black tea. It is semi-oxidized and is made as a whole-leaf tea. The concentration of oxidation can be different and so can the flavor, colour, and aroma. It is an infamous tea but is extremely healthy for both children and adults. It has many health benefits for both body and brain.
- Reduces risk of heart disease
- Decreases inflammation
- Prevents diabetes
5. Chamomile tea
Chamomile tea is extracted from dried chamomile flowers. People have been using chamomile for therapy and calmness since ages and it is a famous tea now. There are two main varieties of chamomile, namely German Chamomile and Roman Chamomile. The high amount of antioxidants helps in preventing the complications of diabetes and there are many other health benefits of this tea as well.
- Reduces stress
- Treats insomnia
- Prevents and treats cold and cough
6. Peppermint tea
Peppermint tea is prepared by boiling and straining peppermint leaves. The leaves of this tea contain many essential oils such as menthol, menthone and limonene. It has a minty, cooling and refreshing taste. Peppermint tea can be prepared using fresh mint leaves or teabags. A caffeine free pure peppermint tea is a friend for treating many illnesses.
- Helps with digestion
- Refreshes mouth
- Improves metabolism
7. White tea
White tea is completely uncured and unfermented. According to a study, this type of tea has the most real anticancer properties compared to other processed teas. It retains a high amount of antioxidants and is an all time favourite for many people. Out of all the other types of tea, white tea is the most easy to prepare. White tea is consumed by almost every Indian household everyday.
- Helps in losing weight
- Reduces the risk of insulin resistance
- Improves brain function
So, these were some different types of teas that have a number of health benefits. It is beneficial to have a cup of tea sometimes, but do not let it become an addiction as it contains caffeine as well. You can take herbal teas to treat cold and for a good night's sleep. Every kind of tea has several advantages but each one of them serve a special purpose along with the wonderful fragrance and flavour!
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