It is true that monsoon showers give a much-needed relief from the scorching heat, but it also brings some serious diseases with it. Dengue, malaria, swine flu, gastric problems, and leptospirosis spike up during the rainy season. At times, the situation can easily go out of control, especially in absence of proper treatment. Apart from this, many other illnesses like fungal infection, eye problems, viral fever, and diarrhoea are seen during the monsoon season, but most people are not aware of the symptoms of these diseases therefore, there is a dire need to create awareness about such diseases.
In an interview with Dr. Vineet Rao, Consultant Physician at Jupiter Hospital Pune revealed common monsoon diseases, their causes, symptoms, and how to take care of yourself during the rainy season.
It is a common illness of the digestive system observed during the rainy season caused by bacteria or viruses. Besides having contaminated food or water, any medicines or allergies can also cause diarrhoea. Some of the signs and symptoms of the condition include loose motions, dehydration, fever, abdominal pain, irritability, fatigue, headache, blood in the stool, etc. in children, it is even more important to be vigilant and get immediate medical attention.
The best way to prevent diarrhoea is to eat home-cooked food rather than outside food. Also check thoroughly for any bugs or fungus in the food. Make sure to wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly preferably with hot water before cooking.
These are prevalent during the rainy season owing to the increase in humidity. Apart from this, bacterial infections and skin diseases also increase in the monsoons. Therefore, it is imperative to take utmost care of the skin to keep these diseases at bay. Poor lifestyle choices are one of the reasons for the risk of fungal infection, for example, wearing wet or sweaty clothes or not maintaining proper personal hygiene increases the risk of skin infection. Symptoms include rash, frequent itching, redness and blisters in the affected area.
Skin infections can be avoided by maintaining good hygiene, wearing dry clothes and shoes, and taking bath daily. Wear comfortable clothes and do not share towels, soap, or comb.
It is an infection of the eyes that causes swelling, redness and stickiness coupled with a watery discharge. The condition is contagious and can spread from person to person. To prevent the infection, it is important to wash your hands regularly, avoid sharing personal belongings, stay away from rubbing your eyes with dirty hands and use a hand sanitiser. Make sure to consult the doctor immediately if you are suffering from an infection of the eyes. In some cases, symptoms will fade off on their own or the doctor may prescribe oral medications to treat the condition.
It is very common in the rainy season and it can occur at any age but children are more susceptible due to low immunity. Symptoms include cough, vomiting, fatigue, diarrhoea along with joint pain, sore throat, and dehydration can also occur because of high temperatures. Contaminated food and water are the leading causes of viral fever. Some of the ways to prevent the condition include eating a proper diet rich in fruits and vegetables to keep the immune system strong, drinking clean preferably, boiled water and avoiding close contact with a person suffering from viral fever.
This is a serious problem during the rainy season. Every year, thousands of cases are seen and many of them become seriously ill in absence of proper treatment. Therefore, it is critical to get immediate treatment for food infection. Commonly seen symptoms include nausea, stomach ache, loose motion along with vomiting, tiredness and gas problems. Important tips to avoid food infection include staying away from consuming leftover food items, washing vegetables and fruits thoroughly, not leaving food outside for a long time and taking ORS when required.
While we can be prone to various illnesses during the monsoons, we can still enjoy this season to the fullest by following some simple rules. So go ahead and enjoy the rain!
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