According to the World Health Organization, disability refers to a wide range of impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. We are all aware of the difficulties that disabled people face on a daily basis, whether physically, emotionally, or mentally; however, the role of a caregiver is equally difficult and requires a great deal of effort and responsibility. The role of a caregiver is frequently overlooked. Caring for others is learned through trial and error. OnlyMyHealth editorial team spoke to Dr. Sahir Jamati, Consultant Psychologist and Psychotherapist, Masina Hospital, to know about some important tips for caregivers to keep in mind while dealing with a disabled person.
Tips For Caregivers To Deal With A Disabled Person
The most important thing a caregiver can do is contribute to positive change and empower every person living with a disability to embrace his or her old self identity. A caregiver should be empathetic; it is important to remember that people with disabilities are just like us; they have their own individuality and the same emotions and interests that we do.
The significance of knowing the protocols to be followed by the caregiver in the event of an emergency
People with disabilities are more likely to experience medical emergencies, so it's always a good idea to be prepared and make a plan ahead of time. We've all heard the expression "prevention is better than cure." Preparing for the possibility of a medical emergency is just as important as reacting to the same incident.
The significance of communication with disabled people
Communication strengthens your bond with the person on the receiving end. It can be difficult for caregivers to communicate effectively at times. The disabled person may be physically impaired, have a cognitive disability, or simply be difficult to get along with. It's perfectly fine if your communication skills aren't up to par; thankfully, communication is a skill that can be learned.
It is critical to respond to and communicate positively with the disabled. Using positive language, being aware, and being cautious of the words you use around people with special needs. Also, avoid displaying nervousness and anxiety; instead, relax and do your best to treat them like everyone else.
Prejudice must be addressed through education
Disabled people face the same prejudice and discrimination as everyone else. Disabled people face harassment, bullying, and injustice. Since 2016, India has had a law protecting the rights of people with disabilities. The new law shields disabled people from the aforementioned prejudice and discrimination.
It is critical that we teach our children, family, and others not to look down on people with disabilities and to give them the same rights as everyone else. The concept that a disabled person is not incomplete should be instilled in the minds of our generation from the start; it is only one step toward preventing injustice in our society.
There is a distinction between dealing with visible and invisible disabilities
Because each person with a disability is unique, it is critical to consider the individual's needs and desires. It is critical for any caregiver to learn about the person's disability; learn about the symptoms, treatments, side effects that may be caused by those treatments, and the types of limitations that people who live with that disability have. Having little knowledge can be dangerous.
As a caregiver, you must learn to respect the disabled person's privacy and space. People with invisible disabilities may feel safer not speaking up, even if it means facing additional challenges. And, like anyone else, people with invisible disabilities may prefer to keep their medical information private and avoid discussing it with strangers. It is up to you to respect their decisions regarding when they feel comfortable and safe speaking up and when they feel more comfortable and safe remaining silent.
Supporting a loved one with an invisible disability entails listening to what they say, believing what they say, and trusting them to know what they require. Regardless of whether a disability is visible or invisible, one must learn to be nonjudgmental, empathetic, and understanding of them.