9 Signs and Symptoms Of Kidney Disease To Prevent Health Adversities

Kidney diseases can cause severe health problems and impact your life majorly. Here are some signs and symptoms you must be aware of all the time.

Puru Bansal
Written by: Puru BansalPublished at: Sep 08, 2021Updated at: Sep 08, 2021
9 Signs and Symptoms Of Kidney Disease To Prevent Health Adversities

Kidney diseases can be quite harmful for your health; it can affect your functions slowly and grow over time. This happens at a slow pace due to which the person is unable to find out the disease he is suffering from. In most cases kidney diseases get recognised at the later stages which make the situation tough to tackle. There are plenty of kidney diseases which affect your body but there is only limited number of symptoms that becomes visible. It is advised to concern a doctor as soon as you witness any sign or symptoms of kidney diseases in order to treat the condition in the best possible stage. Today we are going to discuss some signs and symptoms of kidney diseases which you must be aware in of.

With Inputs from Dr. Deepa Jayaram, Lead Nephrologist from Sharda Hospital, Mumbai  

9 Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Diseases

1. Difficulty in Urinating

If you face some difficulties while urinating or there is evident pain then it can be symptom of kidney disease. Putting excess pressure on the bladder means there is some issue with your kidney functions and you need to get the check-up done. In cases where you face pain or discomfort during urinating, it can be because of urinary tract infections. This can be treated with some medicines and medical tips. Urinary tract infection causes back pain, fever and irritation.


2. Blood in Urine

Another sign that you have kidney infection or disease is blood from the urine. It can cause severe complications and health issues if not treated on time. If ever there is blood in your urine then you need to seek medical help and get yourself diagnosed as soon as possible.

3. Changes in Urinary Function

The first symptom of any kidney disease is change in urination. Any of these conditions can be signs that you are facing kidney problems and it can affect your health adversely.

  • Amount of urination may increase or decrease
  • You may have dark coloured urine
  • Unable to urinate but feel urge to do so constantly
  • Frequency or urination is affected in the night.

4. Foamy Urine

This condition means when you get foam like appearance in your urine. It can happen when there is a leakage of protein from a person’s body. This type of signs also resemble that the kidney disease you are suffering from can be serious. 


5. Swelling in Feet and Ankles

According to a study published by World Health Organisation, if the waste product is not removed from the kidney and excess fluid gets stored in the kidneys, it can cause swelling in your ankles and feet. This can also cause puffiness on the face of the person and usual feeling on hands. This condition is called oedema. This is caused by inability of the kidney to get rid of the excess salt and water from the body. You may face one or more than one of these symptoms in a kidney disease.

  • Swelling in feet
  • Swelling in ankles
  • Tightness of hands
  • Uneasiness in doing activities
  • Facial heaviness 

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6. Dizziness

Kidney diseases are also associated to number of problems including anaemia. If you are suffering from a kidney disease, then you might feel dizzy multiple times in day. You may also lose your ability to concentrate and may have difficulty focussing on your task. Inability to concentrate and dizziness are symptoms of some kidney diseases. If this continues for a longer duration, then you should get yourself diagnosed.

7. Skin Rashes and Itching

Rashes and itching are reaction of body to some infection or unknown foreign substance entering the body. If there is some kind of infection in your kidneys, then you may also start getting rashes on your skin. Skin rashes that are associated with kidney disease usually happen at the back, arms and sometimes legs. This can also be signs of real failure which can be a life-threatening problem. Hence it is always advised not to ignore these rashes, irritation and little things which can affect you in long term.

8. Shortness of Breath

If your kidney is severely infected, then you may have shortness of breath. This can be very dangerous and lead to serious complications. Shortness of breath occurs when the toxins and waste materials get stuck in the kidney and damage the kidney function. If this happens, then rush to your nearest hospital as soon as possible. Other symptoms that come along shortness of breath in kidney failure or renal failure are-

  • Loss of appetite 
  • Fatigue
  • Back pain or weakness
  • Anaemia 

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9. Pain in the back or side of the body


This is a very common symptom for all kinds of kidney disorders and problems. It is also one of the most evident symptoms that can determine that you are suffering from a kidney disease. Pain in your back or sides can also spread in the lower back and groin region. It can affect your routine and lifestyle. 

Pain that occurs because of a kidney disease can also cause severe cramps in your back and stomach. It can be signs of these diseases-

  • Kidney stones 
  • Polycystic kidney disease
  • Interstitial cystitis 
  • Some inherited kidney disorder

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