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Expert Lists 7 Reproductive Issues You Should Watch Out For

Reproductive issues often go unnoticed, which may lead to complications later.

Sushmita Sharma
Written by: Sushmita SharmaUpdated at: Mar 19, 2023 12:30 IST
Expert Lists 7 Reproductive Issues You Should Watch Out For

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It is essential to look after your reproductive health because it has a significant impact on your body's overall wellness. It involves the proper functioning of all reproductive organs and the state of complete physical and mental well-being. 

Reproductive issues often go unnoticed, which may lead to complications later. It can lead to infertility or give rise to sexually transmitted diseases. We spoke to our expert Dr Sushma Tomar, Consultant - Obstetrician & Gynecologist, Fortis Hospital, Kalyan, who listed signs that you should watch out for.

7 Signs Of Reproductive Issues

Delayed Or Early Puberty 

Puberty is the time when a person begins to develop sexually. It usually happens between the ages of nine and 11, when your body begins to witness physical changes. If there is a delay in the onset of puberty, it may be due to a delay in the production of reproductive hormones like oestrogen in girls and testosterone in boys. 

On the other hand, precocious puberty occurs when it happens before the expected time. It can give rise to issues like short stature, behavioural problems, stress, etc.

Also Read: Precocious Puberty: Symptoms, Types, Causes, And Complications, Expert Explains

Female Sexual Dysfunction

Female sexual dysfunction is a condition where you experience pain while having sex, no sexual interest, or have unsatisfactory sex. It can occur due to infertility or may even lead to infertility. You should visit a gynaecologist if you are planning to conceive in order to avoid complications.


Amenorrhea is a health issue where a girl has not begun to menstruate. The expected time for girls to menstruate is between the age of 10 and 15. It can be caused due to several health conditions such as hormonal imbalance, birth defects, no physical activity, etc. 

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a health condition caused due to hormonal imbalance, which results in the development of small sacs of fluid on the outer edge of the ovary. You may have irregular periods or excess facial hair on your body. Moreover, it may lead to infertility in women; therefore, speak to your doctor if you have PCOS and are planning to get pregnant.

Also Read: PCOS: Tips To Manage Hair Fall During PCOS

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction, also known as impotence, happens when a man cannot get or keep an erection during sexual activity. It can be caused due to hormonal changes, physical problems, or even psychological problems. Moreover, if it occurs frequently, it may be a sign of underlying diseases.

Low Sperm Count

A man ejecting semen with less sperm is said to have a low sperm count, which is known as oligospermia. Moreover, if a person has no presence of sperm, the condition is known as azoospermia. It can be caused due to smoking, excess consumption of alcohol, obesity, excessive intercourse, etc.


Endometriosis is a health condition that affects the uterus of women. It occurs when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside or behind the uterus. It can cause pain in your abdomen, pelvic areas, or lower back. However, some women may show no symptoms and may have trouble getting pregnant.


It is important to visit your doctor if you notice any signs or symptoms of reproductive issues. You should also practise safe sex to avoid getting sexually transmitted diseases. Women with STDs can cause health complications for the baby as well. Therefore, getting regular checkups is advisable for early detection of a health issue. Maintaining personal hygiene for both females and males is crucial to avoid bacterial and fungal infections.