Your Clothes Can Cause Allergies Too. Know All About Polyester Allergies From Expert

Here is everything that you need to know about polyester allergies from its symptoms, treatment and prevention tips from Dr. Swati mohan.

Charu Sharma
Written by: Charu SharmaPublished at: Oct 20, 2021
Your Clothes Can Cause Allergies Too. Know All About Polyester Allergies From  Expert

We all are aware of dust allergies, pollen allergies and various allergies caused due to different kinds of foods, but have you ever heard about the allergies caused due to clothes. Well if not then this might come as a surprise to you that people can also get allergies by wearing certain kinds of clothes. Where allergies are a natural response to the body’s immune system and in most cases do not cause a lot of harm to a person’s health. Out of various different kinds of allergies observed in people around the globe, polyester allergy is something that can be caused due to wearing some synthetic clothing made up of polyester. Let us take a step ahead and learn more about this allergy along with its symptoms, causes and treatment from Dr. Swati Mohan, Senior Consultant, Dermatology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad.

What are Polyester Allergies?

As mentioned that allergies occur as an immune system response to a certain kind of allergen, they are said to be quite common and can be caused due to genetic or environmental factors. Where pollen allergies and dust allergies are quite common, polyester allergy is something that is observed as an immune response to the polyester fabric and is also known as textile dermatitis. This might cause skin irritation and rashes as the skin comes in contact with the polyester fabric and can result in a lot of discomfort. Here’s what Dr. Swati Mohan has to say about this-  “Polyester is a synthetic fabric that is found in different kinds of fabric items like beddings, clothes, curtains and carpets. Polyester allergies can be caused due to an irritant contact dermatitis, when a fabric agitates the skin and results in inflammation. Apart from this it can also be caused due to the chemicals involved in the process of polyester production and dyes.” 

Image Credits- Cruader Woman

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Where the polyester fabric is not the only thing responsible for causing allergies, the dyes used to provide color to the fabric is equally responsible for causing that redness, rashes and itchy sensation. Mainly there are two types of polyester allergies known as-

  • Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Allergic contact dermatitis

At one hand where Irritant contact dermatitis is caused when an inflammation causing substance comes in contact with the skin, at the other hand in Allergic contact dermatitis a skin reaction is caused due to the immune system reaction of the body towards a harmless substance that can occur after several days of exposure to an allergen.

Symptoms of Polyester Allergy

As now we know all about polyester allergies and its types, let us take a quick look at the symptoms of this allergy. It is important to know about the symptoms of a condition in order to diagnose it on time and get it treated before any more complications start kicking in.

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Some of the most common symptoms of polyester allergies are

  • Itching
  • Rednes
  • Swelling
  • Rashes
  • Tender skin
  • Hives on the upper body
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Feeling abnormally warm
  • Red marks on legs
  • Chest pain
  • Hands turning red

Treatment of Polyester Allergies

Polyester allergy is not a very serious disease but can still cause a lot of discomfort and its symptoms are not just limited to mild itching but can also result in chest pain and breathing difficulties. Due to this it becomes really important to treat these allergies at times in order to avoid any serious complications that can be caused due to this condition. While talking about the available treatment options for polyester allergy, Dr. Swati Mohan says that “there are several ways in which a polyester allergy can be treated. First and foremost a person needs to avoid all kinds of clothings and fabrics that have polyester in them. It is very important to remove such fabrics and avoid any further contact of such material with a person who suffers polyester allergy. The skin should be cleaned thoroughly with some water to remove any traces of any of the allergens on the skin. Usually an overlap of these allergens with skin diseases such as eczema can result in various complications. 

Image Credits- Byrdie

One must apply a cold wet cloth on the affected site for about 5 to 10 minutes in order to soothe the skin and treat irritation. An oatmeal bath is another way of soothing the skin, especially when there is a presence of  blisters or oozing skin. Framoxine containing topical anesthetics can also be used to treat this skin condition where lathering on some moisturizer can also provide relief from the irritation caused. Cooling agents such as calamine and menthol are also proven to be helpful in treating this skin condition. If these treatments do not work, then a doctor might also recommend going through a phototherapy treatment in which a special type of light is used to slow down the growth of inflamed skin cells.” 

Prevention Tips For Polyester Allergies

As a wise person once said that “Prevention is better than cure”, by following his wise words and great saying, here we have listed a few preventive measures as suggested by Dr. Swati Mohan, that will help you to keep the polyester allergies at bay and avoid any complications caused due to it. Follow these prevention tips to save yourself from that reckless itching and irritation and avoid the serious consequences of polyester allergies such as breathlessness. Preventive measures that can be taken to avoid polyester allergies are-

  • Avoid tight clothing and wear loose fit clothes
  • Exercise and avoid obesity
  • Do not apply too much moisturizer
  • Keep your skin clean
  • Avoid hyperhidrosis
  • Avoid wearing polyester clothes or ones treated with chemical dyes

With inputs from Dr. Swati Mohan, Senior Consultant, Dermatology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad.