Polycystic Kidney Disease: Causes and Symptoms

When cysts are formed in your kidneys, it leads to polycystic kidney disease. Know more about this condition. 

Chanchal Sengar
Written by: Chanchal SengarPublished at: Sep 14, 2022Updated at: Sep 14, 2022
Polycystic Kidney Disease: Causes and Symptoms

The bean-shaped kidneys are extremely important for our bodies. All the junk and harmful substances that we feed our body are filtered out by kidneys. Various functions can be impacted if our kidneys go out of order. Polycystic kidney disease is a condition where cysts develop in the kidneys and hamper vital functions. Doctors have observed that in the past few years, polycystic kidney disease (PKD) cases have increased. Even kids and young adults are getting affected by PKD which is highly concerning.

What is polycystic kidney disease?

This is a hereditary condition in which your kidneys develop pus-filled cysts. These cysts may increase in size, gradually hampering kidney functions. The only difference between chronic kidney disease and polycystic kidney disease is cyst formation. Both the conditions affect kidney functioning but PKD is highly likely to also cause high blood pressure, irregularities in veins, and blistering in the liver. All these can hamper different vital organs. Thus, it is very important to diagnose and treat polycystic kidney disease on time.

Causes of Polycystic Kidney Disease

PKD is characterised by the development of cysts in the kidneys. There can be several causes why a person develops polycystic kidney disease but the most common is hereditary. If one or both parents have PKD or there is a family history of the condition, the chances of someone developing PKD become higher. Besides, your genetic makeup might also be responsible for causing PKD.

polycystic kidney disease

Signs and Symptoms

Here are some of the common indications of PKD that you must take note of:

  • Pain on the sides or back
  • Blood in urine
  • High pulse rate or high blood pressure
  • Increased size of the abdomen
  • Getting kidney infection frequently

Apart from these signs and symptoms, we would also like to tell you that hypertension patients are at a greater risk of developing PKD. Improper blood circulation can harm kidneys, which triggers formation of cysts and altered kidney functions. Cerebral pains are also possible if the person has advanced stage PKD. High blood pressure drugs can aid in the prevention and management of polycystic kidney disease.

polycystic kidney diseases

Polycystic kidney disease can not only affect kidneys but this condition can also influence other organs. Due to cyst formation in the kidneys, your liver, spleen, pancreas, gut, and ovaries may also see a tissue growth. In some cases, patients may suffer blistering, which may cause serious complications.

While kidney diseases have become common in the past few years, most people are unaware that they might be suffering from kidney issues. They ignore initial signs like urination issues, pain in abdomen or back, blood in urine, etc. One should undergo full body screening regularly to identify the development of potential issues. Polycystic kidney disease should be treated immediately to forestall chronic complications.

Image credits- freepik

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